Dimensions & OLAP Types in Cognos

  • Share this blog:

Conformed Dimensions

It is a dimension which is shared by multiple fact tables Ex: customer dimension, time dimension

Fact Constellation

It is a process of connecting multiple fact tables with PK-FK relationship

Slowly changing dimension (SCD)

A slowly changing is a dimensions which captures the changes occurs  over a period of time

  • There are three types of SCD’s
  1. SCD type1
  2. SCD type 2
  3. SCD type3

SCD type 1 It contain only current data SCD type 2 It maintain couple history and current data SCD type 3 It maintain partial history (or) recent history and current data Surrogate key It is a system generated key which access primary key in the dWH tools maintains the uniqueness.

Interested in mastering Cognos Training? Enroll now for FREE demo on  Cognos Training.

OLAP and types of OLAP

OLAP It is a interface (or) a gate way between the user and data source (dWH) (or) It is a set of specifications with allows the client application (report application) to query the data from data source and displays the data and to report

Types of OLAP

  1. DOLAP (desk top)
  2. ROLAP (relational)
  3. MOLAP(multi dimensional )
  4. HOLAP(hybrid)


It is a OLAP used to query the data from desktop database like Dbase, fox, ms access, ckpper. While generating the report online


It is used to query the data from multidimensional source like cube and DMR model (dimensional relational model) to perform multidimensional analysis.

Multi dimensional analysis

It is a process of viewing the data at different levels of details

  • Use the following features to perform multidimensional analysis
  1. Drill up:

Navigating from lowest level to highest level

  1. Drill down:

Navigating from highest level to lowest level


It is a combination of both ROLAP and HOLAP it can query the data from the relational sources as well as multi dimensional sources like cognas.

Phases in dimensional modeling

  1. Conceptual modeling
  2. Logical modeling
  3. Physical modeling

Conceptual modeling

In conceptual modeling face, database models conform or decide the dimensional tables and fact tables required for a particular data ware house design.

Logical modeling

In logical modeling database modelers start creating relation between the tables logically

Physical modeling

In physical modeling database modelers creates dimensional tables and fact with relations physically in the database For indepth understanding Cognos Training click on

You liked the article?

Like : 0

Vote for difficulty

Current difficulty (Avg): Medium

Recommended Courses


About Author
Author Bio

TekSlate is the best online training provider in delivering world-class IT skills to individuals and corporates from all parts of the globe. We are proven experts in accumulating every need of an IT skills upgrade aspirant and have delivered excellent services. We aim to bring you all the essentials to learn and master new technologies in the market with our articles, blogs, and videos. Build your career success with us, enhancing most in-demand skills in the market.