Are you planning to attend an interview for Oracle Apps Technical role but confused on how to crack that interview and also what would be the most probable Oracle Apps Technical Interview Questions that the interviewer may ask? Well, you have reached the right place. Tekslate has collected the most frequently asked Oracle Apps Technical Interview Questions which are often asked in multiple interviews.
Oracle Apps Technical Interview Questions
Ans: ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning. A product of Oracle India Pvt. Ltd. As the name suggests Enterprise Resource Planning. Enterprise means a firm/organization. Resource means available source of wealth infirm and Planning means how you can maintain day to day resource. Hence in short to facilitate big businesses, companies Oracle Corporation have created huge software known in the category of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) as Oracle Applications. What is the Diff between APPS Schema and other Schemas?
Apps schema contains only Synonyms we can't create tables in apps schema, whereas another schema s contains tables, & all the objects. Here only we will create the tables and giving grants on created tables. Almost every time we will connect to apps schema only.
Ans: In general, GL AP and AR consist of:
Structure Phase: Defines the process flows and configuration for the system and Conduct business process and data mapping workshops.
Construct Phase: Contains all of the configuration activities
Transition Phase: Executes system test
Deploy Phase: Migrates database to customer environment
Ans: We can assume FlexField as a collection of segments or sub-fields which can be added or removed to modify the structure of the FlexField and does not require any levels of programming. It is just a pop-up window which has a cause for each segment.
There are two types:
Key flexfields is used for creating unique identifiers or constraints. It is the building block that defines the structure of objects. Key flexfields are flexible enough to let any organization use the coding scheme they want, without programming. With the help of Key Fields, an organization can define rules to specify which segment values can be combined to make a valid complete code (also called a combination).
Descriptive FlexField is used to create new fields on the screen and capture other information. Also provides customizable” expansion space” on your forms. Descriptive flexfields can be context-sensitive, where the information your application stores depends on other values your users enter in other parts of the form.
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Ans: The following businesses needs are served by FlexField:
You can query the key fields.
Helps in customization of data fields without programming.
Helps in validating the values.
Customize your applications to capture data that is not been tracked by your application.
Consist of intelligent fields which comprised of one or more segments, where each segment has both a value and a meaning.
Ans: Custom Top is nothing but Customer Top, which is created for customer only. we can have multiple custom tops based on client requirement. It is used to store developed & customized components. whenever oracle corp applying patches it will override all the modules except the custom top. that's why we will use a custom top.
Ans: It is nothing but language specification by default it is in the American language. We can have multiple languages folders based on installed languages. from the backend, we can get it from
FND_LANGUAGES -- COL --INSTALLED_FLAG I, B, D
select language_code,nls_language from fnd_languages where installed_flag like 'B'
Types of Invoice: Standard Invoice, Credit Memo Invoice, Debit Memo Invoice, Expense Invoice, Recurring Invoice With-hold tax Quick Match and Pre-Payment Invoice.
Recurring Invoice: As the name suggests the invoice that occurs at regular interval of time is known as the Recurring Invoice.
Ans: FSG stands for financial statement generator. It is a powerful reporting engine for clearly define our reporting requirement. Helps in keeping the reporting simple by the use of Row Set, Reports, Content set and Column setting. It uses the ADI request set to publish standard reports.
Can produce a specific report when needed.
Produce financial report without programming.
Asynchronous printing of reports.
Ability to print single reports for multiple firms.
Ans: MRC stands for Multiple Reporting Currencies. It has default currency as US $. And if any organization books with some other currency there come the requirement of MRC. Hence through MRC, we can use currency as per our wish.
Inquiry and Reporting in Multiple Currencies.
Euro Support. MRC allows Oracle Applications to support organizations that are transitioning from their national currency to the Euro.
Ans: select basepath,application_short_name from fnd_application from the backend. The from the end we can get it Navigation Application Developer.-----> Application---->Register The application name we will get from FND_APPLICATION_TL
Ans: SELECT release_name from FND_PRODUCT_GROUPS; ---18.104.22.168 .
Ans: Reports,forms,sql,lib,log,out,bin,admin,html,xml,msg,def, etc
Ans: yes, we can have a custom schema, when we want to create a new table we required a custom schema.
Ans: It is nothing but an Instance of the execution along with parameters & Incompatibles. Here Incompatibles nothing but if we are submitting cc programs if anyone can be executed in that program, which programs r not imp yet this time we will mention those programs in the incompatibles tab.
Ans: First, develop the report & save it on the local machine. upload into custom_top/11.5.0/reports/us/goes to system administrator open executable form create executable by mentioning executable method as reports, executable as report name which was created. go to the cc program form create a program by attaching the executable name in the executable section. then attach this C program to request group, Request group to Responsibility. Responsibility to User.
Ans: It is nothing but a collection of cc programs.
Ans: When we connect to the server we will find the top called application top. Under application top we have
The product top is the default top built by the manufacturer. The custom top is used to select the Client for his business purposes. Customizations are done with the Custom top.
Ans: It is a language-specific folder used to store the G.U.I like reports and forms.
Errorbuf: It is used to returns the error messages and sent them to the log file.
Recode: It is used to show the status of the Procedure with 0, 1, and 2 0 for Completed Normal
1 for Completed Warning
2 for Completed Error
Schema: Schema is the location in the database that contains database objects like views, tables, and synonyms.
Apps Schema: It is used to connect all schemas to get the information from The database.
Ans: Use to transfer values to report builder and it is not case sensitive.
Ans: A menu is a hierarchical arrangement of functions and menus. Each responsibility has a menu assigned to it. A function is a part of an application that is registered under a unique name for the purpose of assigning it to be including it from a menu.
Ans: We can handle errors by using SQL*Loader, or another import program, to load customer information into the interface tables.
When you import customer information, the Customer Interface program validates the global attribute columns in the interface tables and transfers those values into the customer tables.
Ans: Sql * loader is a bulk loader utility used for moving data from external files into the oracle database.
SQL* Loader supports various load formats, selective loading, and multi-table loads.
1) Conventional: The conventional path loader essentially loads the data by using standard ‘insert’ statement.
2) Direct: The direct path loader (direct = true) possessing logic involved with that, and loads directly in to the oracle data files.
EX: My data.csv file
1001, “scott tiger”,1000,40
insert Into table emp Fields terminated by “,” optionally enclosed by‘”’
>sqlldr scott/tiger@vis control=loader.ctl log= gvlog.log bad=gvbad.bad discard=gvdis.dsc .
Ans: Collection of Chart of Accounts and Currency and Calendars is called SOB
FND USER EXITS:
FND SRWINIT sets your profile option values, multiple organizations and allows
Oracle Application Object Library user exits to detect that they have been called by an Oracle Reports program.
FND SRWEXIT ensures that all the memory allocated for AOL user exits have been freed up properly.
FND FLEXIDVAL are used to display flex field information like prompt, value etc
FND FLEXSQL these user exits allow you to use flex fields in your reports
FND FORMAT_CURRENCY is used to print currency in various formats by using the formula column
Ans: The value set is a collection (or) container of values.
Whenever the value set associated with any report parameters. It provides a list of values to the end-user to accept one of the values as the report parameter value.
If the list of values needed to be dynamic and ever-changing and define a table based values set.
Form development process?
a) Open template form
b) Save as <your form>.fmb
c) Change the form module name as form name.
d) Delete the default blocks, window, and canvas
e) Create a window.
f) Assign the window property class to window
g) Create a canvas (subclass info)
h) Assign canvas property class to the canvas
I) assign the window to the canvas and canvas to the window
j) Create a data block
k) Modify the form level properties. (subclass item Text item)
l) Modify the app_custom package. In the program unit.
m) Modify the pre-form trigger (form level)
n) Modify the module level properties ((console window, First navigation
p) Save and compile the form.
Place the .fmx in the server directory.
Ans: a. Identify the Short name of the standard report in which module we have to customize
Ex: - if u wants to customize in the AR module path is
Appl topar11.5.0reportsUS .rdf
b. Open the .rdf file in Report builder and change the name of the module.
c. Open the data module and modify the query (what is client requirements) assign the columns to the attributes.
d. Go to report wizard and select, what r the newly created columns.
e. Then Compile it. Then u will get a .rep file in the specified module. If it is not in the specified directory then we have to put in the server directory.
f. Then Register in the AOL Concurrent Executable and Concurrent Program.
g. Go to system administrator Security àResponsibility àrequest.
h. Add and assign a concurrent program to a request group
Used to capture the additional business information.
Additional Unique Info, Mandatory
Captured in attribute prefixed columns Segment prefixed
Not reported on standard reports Is reported on standard reports
To provide expansion space on your form With the help of .
 Represents Descriptive Flex field.
FLEX FILED : DESCRIPTIVE : REGISTER Used for entering and displaying key information
For example Oracle General uses a key Flex field called Accounting Flex field to uniquely identify a general account.
FLEX FILED : KEY : REGISTER
Ans: BIND VARIABLE:
are used to replace a single value in sql, pl/sql
bind variable may be used to replace expressions in select, where, group, order
by, having, connect by, start with cause of queries.
bind reference may not be referenced in FROM clause (or) in place of
reserved words or clauses.
You can use lexical reference to replace the clauses appearing AFTER select,
from, group by, having, connect by, start with.
You can’t make lexical reference in pl/sql statements.
Ans: Confine mode:
On: child objects cannot be moved outside their enclosing parent objects.
Off: child objects can be moved outside their enclosing parent objects.
On: parent borders "stretch" when child objects are moved against them.
Off: parent borders remain fixed when child objects are moved against them.
Ans: A placeholder is a column that is an empty container at design time. The placeholder can hold a value at run time has been calculated and placed into It by pl/sql code from another object.
You can set the value of a placeholder column is in a Before Report trigger.
Store a Temporary value for future reference. EX. Store the current max salary as records are retrieved.
Ans: A formula column performs a user-defined computation on another column(s) of data, including placeholder columns.
Ans: A summary column performs a computation on another column's data. Using the Report Wizard or Data Wizard, you can create the following summaries: sum, average, count, minimum, maximum, % total. You can also create a summary column manually in the Data Model view, and use the Property Palette to create the following additional summaries: first, last, standard deviation, variance.
Ans: Oracle Trading Community Architecture (TCA) is a data model that allows you to manage complex information about the parties, or customers, who belong to your commercial community, including organizations, locations, and the network of hierarchical relationships among them. This information is maintained in the TCA Registry, which is the single source of trading community information for Oracle E-Business Suite applications.
Ans: Role of Technical Consultant:
a. Designing New Forms, Programs and Reports
b. Forms and Reports customization
c. Developing Interfaces
d. Developing PL/SQL stored procedures
e. Workflow automations
Role of System Administrator:
a. Define Logon Users
b. Define New/Custom Responsibility
c. Define Data Groups
d. Define Concurrent Managers
e. Define Printers
f. Test Network Preferences
g. Define/Add new Modules
Role of an Apps DBA:
a. Installing of Application
b. up gradation
e. Routing maintenance of QA
f. Cloning of OA
Ans: A Flex field is a customizable field that opens in a window from a regular Oracle Applications window. Defining flex fields enables you to tailor Oracle Applications to your own business needs. By using flex fields, you can:
(a) Structure certain identifiers required by oracle applications according to your own business environment.
(b) Collect and display additional information for your business as needed.
Key Flex fields: You use key flex fields to define your own structure for many of the identifiers required by Oracle Applications. Profile – ‘Flexfields: Open Key Window’ (FND_ID_FLEXS)
Descriptive Flex field: You use descriptive flex fields to gather additional information about your business entities beyond the information required by Oracle Applications. Profile – Flex fields: Open Descr Window’ (FND_DESCRIPTIVE_FLEXS)
Ans: A request security group is the collection of requests, request sets, and concurrent programs that a user, operating under a given responsibility, can select from the Submit Requests window.
Oracle Application Object Library uses values, value sets and validation tables as important components of key flex fields, descriptive flex fields, Flex Builder, and Standard Request Submission.
When you first define your flex fields, you choose how many segments you want to use and what order you want them to appear. You also choose how you want to validate each of your segments. The decisions you make affect how you define your value sets and your values.
You define your value sets first, either before or while you define your flex field
segment structures. You typically define your individual values only after your flex field has been completely defined (and frozen and compiled). Depending on what type of value set you use, you may not need to predefine individual values at all before you can use your flex field.
You can share value sets among segments in different flex fields, segments in
different structures of the same flex field, and even segments within the same flex field structure. You can share value sets across key and descriptive flex fields. You can also use value sets for report parameters for your reports that use the Standard Report Submission feature.
Login – Application Developer -> Application -> Validation -> Set
Value Validation Types?
Ans: Identify programs that should not run simultaneously with your concurrent program because they might interfere with its execution.
You can specify your program as being incompatible with itself.
Application: Although the default for this field is the application of your concurrent program, you can enter any valid application name.
Name: The program name and application you specify must uniquely identify a concurrent program. Your list displays the user-friendly name of the program, the short name, and the description of the program.
Scope: Enter Set or Program Only to specify whether your concurrent program is incompatible with this program and all its child requests (Set) or only with this program (Program Only).
Run Alone: Indicate whether your program should run alone relative to all other programs in the same logical database. If the execution of your program interferes with the execution of all other programs in the same logical database (in other words, if your program is incompatible with all programs in its logical database, including itself), it should run alone.
Q43) How to dump data from pl/sql block to flat files?
Ans: Using utl_file package, we can dump data from pl/sql block to flat file. PRE-REQUIREMENTS for UTL_FILE is specify the accessible directories for theUTL_FILE function in the initialization file (INIT.ORA) Using the UTL_FILE_DIR parameters. Ex: UTL_FILE_DIR = <Directory name> EX:- remember to update INITSID.ORA, utl_file_dir = ‘c:oradata’ Declare Fp utl_file.file_type; Begin Fp := utl_file.fopen(c:oradata’,tab1.txt’,’w’); Utl_file.putf(fp,’%s %s n ‘text field’, 55); Utl_file.fclose(fp); End;
Ans: Inbound Interface: For inbound interfaces, where these products are the destination, interface tables as well as supporting validation, processing, and maintenance programs are provided. Outbound Interface: For outbound interfaces, where these products are the source, database views are provided and the destination application should provide the validation, processing, and maintenance programs.
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