RPA Interview Questions

Robotic process automation (RPA) has eventually grown over the years and has been deployed by many organizations. RPA helps the organization in successfully automating its business processes.  According to our research, there are many opportunities available for RPA UiPath Developers in top MNC Companies. 

Tekslate experts curate Top 30 RPA Interview Questions that help you brush up from the basic to key concepts. So give a glimpse of our Best RPA Interview Question and Answers that might help you crack the interview and acquire your dream job as an RPA Developer with a wonderful package. 

Q1) What is RPA?

Ans: Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a kind of programming utilized to do computerization of the principal errands in programming applications, like how a human performs them. It can prepare the software robot for a work process/measure with various advances and applications. For instance, collecting forms, sending a receipt message, checking the information for the accomplishment, archiving the form in an envelope, and refreshing an accounting page with the form name, the date recorded, etc. RPA programming is proposed to reduce the heaviness of repetitive, direct assignments/work on specialists.

Robotic Process Automation

Robotic: Devices that imitate human behaviors are called Robots.

Process: The sequence of steps leading to significant activity—for example, making tea, etc.

Automation: Any process which is done by a robot without human interference.

Q2) List out a few applications of RPA?

Ans: Following are some of the important applications of RPA: 

  • Report Generation
  • Onboarding
  • Invoice Processing
  • Data Migration and Data Entry
  • Price Comparison
  • Barcode Scanning
  • Maintaining customer data
  • Information Validation
  • Data Extraction from different files

Q3) Differentiate Robotic Process Automation and Traditional Automation?

Ans: Traditional automation uses application programming interfaces (APIs) and various kinds of tools to coordinate multiple frameworks. The developer should have a decent comprehension of the objective framework. 

When coming to robotic process automation, it imitates a client's (UI) level activities. However long the bot can follow the moves, the engineer doesn't have to stress the hidden complexities.

RPA Interview Questions

 

Criteria

Robotic Process Automation

Traditional Automation

Interface

Imitates human actions

It Relies on APIs and coding

Integration

Excellent

Average

Technology

Versatile, Non-intrusive, and scalable

Less Scalable, not versatile, and Intrusive

Customization

Excellent

Average

Q4) What are the benefits of RPA?

Ans: Following are some of the benefits of RPA: 

Wide-range Automation: 

RPA accelerates and executes ideal exactness across various fields like banking, medical care, correspondences, telecom, insurance, and so forth. Complex projects are automated on a wide-range by improving the trade cycle. 

Fast ROI: 

RPA will expand profitability across various business industries. One Software robot is useful for achieving crafted by roughly three workers. This development makes positive ROI a lot quicker than predicted. Besides, cost creations may arrive at 20% as expected. 

Enterprise Scalability: 

RPA is exceptionally adaptable and versatile with the diminished season of acceptance. Robots perform huge complex tasks in equal, beginning from the work area to cloud conditions. This activity permits different clients to screen and control robots from other specialty units through a solitary secure gadget. 

Powerful Analytics:  Choosing quick and comprehensive information empowers better administration and bits of knowledge into perpetually developing business upgrades. Improved administration is accomplished through an endorsed set of computerization devices. 

Reduces Operational Risks: Some organizations like to re-appropriate diligent work to outsider associations, which accompanies the danger of human mistakes and failure. RPA offers a superior arrangement—because the work remains in-house, there is less operational danger. 

Quality and Accuracy: Processes with a danger of human mistakes can be computerized utilizing RPA frameworks. These bots are stable, reliable, and can work vigorously.

Cost-Saving: Executing RPA inside a venture has indicated an uncommon decrease in generally speaking costs than conventional non-RPA techniques.

Decreased workload: Automating tasks undertakings as report-production can altogether diminish the outstanding task at hand on representatives, permitting them to zero in on other necessary errands. 

Improved consumer loyalty: Since precision is expanded and operational danger is negligible clients better quality substance. 

Improved business results: Since workers are working to increase the organization's value, mechanical cycle robotization empowers organizations to accomplish better general results.

Q5) List out the features of RPA?

Ans: Here in this article we are discussing some of the important features of RPA as follows. 

Rich Analytical suite: RPA manages and monitors computerized capacities from a focal comfort. This support can be gotten to from any place and offers fundamental measurements on robots, workers, work processes, and that's only the tip of the iceberg. 

Simple creation of bots: RPA devices empower bots' speedy making by catching mouse snaps and keystrokes with work in screen recorder parts. 

Scriptless automation: RPA devices are code-free and can mechanize any application in any division. Clients with less programming abilities can make bots through a natural GUI. 

Security: RPA devices empower the setup and customization of encryption capacities to get specific information types and safeguard against organization correspondence interference. 

Deployment and hosting: RPA frameworks can consequently convey bots in gatherings of hundreds. Consequently, RPA bots can be introduced on work areas and conveyed to workers to get information for monotonous assignments. 

Debugging: Some RPA devices need to quit rushing to amend the mistakes while different apparatuses permit dynamic communication while troubleshooting. This is perhaps the most impressive highlight of RPA.

Q6) Tell us what are the parameters you must consider in RPA?

Ans: Following are the most important factors that you should look at in RPA Software:

Technology: The RPA tool should be platform-independent and should uphold a wide range of applications so the association will be able to play out their regular assignments outside the desktops. Some other significant technologies(i.e., screen scratching, versatility, intellectual capacities, and so forth) should be accessible in the RPA tool. 

Scalability: One of the significant parameters of the RPA tool is scalability. There ought to be a choice to grow the mechanical workforce according to the prerequisites. RPA devices should uphold development for either no extra or insignificant expense. 

Security: Security is a significant parameter to be considered before the determination of the RPA tool. Since the software robots get to and oversee private information, the association should check all the device's security highlights. They are needed to quantify all the security controls before the execution of RPA. Something else, the framework may get available to malicious outside attacks. It can cause abuse of classified information, protection issues, and other security concerns. 

Total Cost of Ownership: The absolute expense of proprietorship is considered another significant boundary that should be assessed before picking the RPA device. It relies upon various factors, for example, beginning arrangement cost, seller charges, redundant permit expenses, cost of usage, support, and the sky's the limit from there. Since the associations usually really like to begin little and afterward scale, that is why the assessment of the expense of the RPA device considering the organization's RPA guide is fundamental. 

Easy of Implementation: The RPA device's determination should incorporate a snappy and straightforward combination according to the business prerequisites. It is essential to check the similarity with existing inheritance frameworks to empower smooth change after usage. 

Easy of Use and Control: The RPA tool should be adaptable and simple to play out the computerization cycle. There ought to be alternatives that can be controlled without any problem. It is smarter to utilize such an RPA device, which requires less preparation and can be worked by clients who need programming information. 

Vendor Experience: Picking an accomplished seller will improve the execution speed and diminish the work needed to actualize RPA programming. 

Maintenance and Support: It's excellent to pick such RPA suppliers who give solid merchant backing to their customers in every case. A decent seller helps in getting mechanical advancements, smoother organizations, better preparing, and affirmations, and so forth. 

Fast Deployment: The RPA tool ought to have the option to help the client by communicating with applications that are accessible at the introduction layer. It additionally underpins the client by approval, screens, and business rules, as they all are introduced through a virtual work area.

Q7) List out top RPA tools and give a brief description of the tool.

Ans: RPA tools are the software product that encourages clients to design different missions to get automated. The vast majority of the associations have occasional and dreary chores, such as report generation, data extraction, data entry, and many more. These responsibilities are physically performed on the software produced by the workers. RPA tools can handily computerize such tedious errands with the assistance of bots. The software product that uses bots for performing computerization is known as the RPA Tool. Following are the top RPA tools: 

  • UiPath
  • Blue Prism
  • Automation Anywhere
  • Pega
  • WorkFusion
  • Jacada
  • WinAutomation
  • Nice Systems
  • Contextor

Now we’re giving a brief explanation about the above RPA tools. 

UiPath: UiPath is a profoundly extensible Robotic Process Automation device that assists in automating web or desktop applications. It offers worldwide undertakings to plan and convey a robotic workforce for their associations. The best thing about UiPath is that it incorporates a local area release that accompanies a simplified component. In this way, the clients need not bother with programming information to computerize the errands utilizing UiPath. The people group version is free for individuals who need to learn, practice, and execute RPA.

Blue Prism: Blue Prism is an RPA Tool that gives an implicit workforce to the associations. It assists associations in automating manual, constant, and rule-based business measures in a cost-effective and agile manner. It incorporates simplified help to automate the errands.

Automation Anywhere: Automation Anywhere is one of the well-known RPA merchants that offers incredible and easy-to-use abilities to computerize any complicated business process. This tool is a blend of all the core capacities. It joins RPA with scholarly components like language comprehension and perusing any unstructured information. 

Automation Anywhere is an electronic organization framework that controls and runs peer-to-peer automated business errands for organizations. It permits automating a broad scope of assignments, from fundamental windows setup steps to definitive systems administration and distant information base cycles.

Pega: Pega is an RPA device that can be utilized to computerize the normal tasks that are rehashed in a work process. It adds the capacity to computerize assignments utilizing the UI of existing applications. It very well may be advantageous to accelerate manual errands via mechanizing client activities.

WorkFusion: WorkFusion is considered as a SaaS (Software-as-a-Service) cloud computing stage. It computerized the observing of information feed and causes you to oversee publicly supported specialists from worldwide ability markets. WorkFusion utilizes factual quality control to guarantee the exactness of the work yield.

Jacada: Jacada is also one of the vital RPA devices. It helps in Desktop Automation and permits associations to robotize tediously, mistake inclined, and redundant undertakings. It upholds expanding precision, profitability, and consumer loyalty. This instrument is broadly utilized for making correspondence focuses and client administrations.

WinAutomation: WinAutomation is a ground-breaking, robust, and simple to utilize windows-based work area computerization device that permits the improvement of programming robots. It gives venture-grade security and controls. This device can fill web structures, remove information, and move a piece of similar information starting with one application then onto the next.

NiceSystems: The NICE framework is a smart RPA device, which is otherwise called NEVA (Nice Employee Virtual Attendant). It works on both the cloud and on-premise business programming. With the assistance of this instrument, an assortment of errands can be executed freely without human mediation. It encourages workers to perform redundant assignments. It permits organizations to make exact surmisings with the assistance of significant level investigation of organized and unstructured information.

Contextor: Contextor is an incorporated improvement environment utilized for a robotic automation process. It offers a total client representation, online assistance, and trade of at least two or more applications.

Q8) List out some of the industries that can benefit from RPA?

Ans: Following are some of the industries that can benefit from RPA: 

  • Insurance Agencies
  • Marketing and Sales
  • Human Resource
  • Finance and Banking

Q9) Explain the characteristics of RPA?

Ans: Following are the few characteristics of RPA: 

Easy to understand: Robotic Process Automation Software usually is straightforward to utilize and comprehend. There is no compelling reason to have uncommon or additional information for clients to use RPA. 

Not Disruptive: The interaction change in RPA is fundamental and clear. 

Coding isn't needed: No coding is necessary for the representatives who work on RPA. They need to have information concerning how the RPA functions. 

More effective outcomes in less time: They never commit errors as people do. When you give them the correct information alongside rules and guidelines, they will execute the equivalent with no mistakes. 

Simple to utilize: The code needed for computerizing undertakings is negligible and not required any longer. So it tends to be finished by just moving into the framework.

Q10) What are the limitations of RPA?

Ans: Following are the few limitations of RPA: 

RPA can't be utilized for the cycles that require judgment. 

RPA can't gain from encounters. 

It can't comprehend the unstructured data sources that are non-electronic. 

RPA upgrades the effectiveness of work processes by supplanting human undertakings with mechanized assignments. Notwithstanding, there are a few constraints to the kinds of projects on which it very well may be actualized.

Q11) Tell us how RPA works?

Ans: 

Planning: In this stage, the cycles to be computerized are characterized, including identifying test objects, settling the execution approach, and representing a detailed guide for the RPA usage. 

Design and Development: In this stage, you begin building up the mechanization work processes indicated by the setup arrangement. 

Deployment and testing: This stage typically incorporates the execution of bots. Any startling blackouts will be dealt with during the sending. To guarantee precise working, testing these bots for bugs and mistakes is significant. 

Support and maintenance: Providing regular help with bettering recognition and correct mistakes.

Q12) How to create an RPA Bot?

Ans: Following is the step by step procedure to create an RPA Bot:

  • First, record a task
  • In the second step, you need to Perform the bot implementation
  • After the implementation, you need to Test the bot
  • Finally, you need to upload the bot to execute the automation tasks

Q13) List out various RPA challenges that you face during the project?

Ans: Following are the few RPA challenges that are facing during the project:

  • The necessity of proper team structure
  • Challenge in automating end to end use cases
  • Lack of skilled resources
  • Post-Implementation Adoption
  • Shortage of required support from Business
  • Culture shock
  • Not enough support from the RPA platform vendor
  • Uncertainly defined Business continuity plans
  • Not following best practices
  • Incorrectly identified use-cases for automation

Q14) Mention the steps on how to get started with the RPA?

Ans: Following steps help you to get started with the RPA:

Step1: Before you begin utilizing RPA, you need to know the set of experiences behind RPA. That is, learning about the Traditional methods of Automation. 

Step 2: Once you know the set of experiences behind RPA, you ought to comprehend RPA and realize which areas it very well may be utilized. 

Step 3: Once you get past all the Robotic Process Automation fundamentals, you can begin robotizing your assignments. To computerize undertakings, you need to initially comprehend its work process and know which redundant errand can be mechanized. 

Step 4: Lastly, you need to acquire broad mastery in RPA Tools, for example, UiPath, Blue Prism, and Automation Anywhere.

Q15) Differentiate Blue Prism, UiPath, and Automation Anywhere?

Ans: Following are the key differences between Uipath, Blue Prism, Automation Anywhere:

Automation Anywhere:

Feature

UiPath

BluePrism

Trial Version

Offers a free release. Both preliminary and license variants are accessible. 



Blue Prism offers a preliminary form. It's accessible in two alternatives, either on the cloud or on the neighborhood gadget. 

Base Technology

Based on SharePoint, Kibana, and Elasticsearch technologies




 Based on C# technology 



Process designer


 


 



Act as a visual process designer with engineer friendly options 



Empowers you to configure, make, alter, and test business measures from the Visual Business Object (VBO) 

Accessibility

 

It gives mobile and browser availability. 




Program based admittance as it were 



Robots

 

Offers front and back-office computerization 



Offers back-office mechanization as it were 



Macro-recorder

It accompanies a full-scale recorder, empowering quicker interaction planning.

Not accessible



Q16) List out various types of RPA’s.

Ans: There are three types of RPA as mentioned below:

Autonomous/ Unattended RPA:

Ideal for lessening work like finishing information handling errands out of sight. They don't need any human mediation. These bots can be dispatched utilizing: 

  • Bot-Initiated
  • Data input 
  • Specified Intervals

Attended RPA 

These bots live on the client's machine and are set off by the client. They can be dispatched: 

  • At the point when installed on a worker's gadget. 
  • Consequently dependent on predefined conditions. 
  • Utilizing an RPA customer device 

Hybrid RPA 

This is a mix of joined-in and self-ruling bots. These bots address front-and back-office assignments in the undertaking.

Q17) Explain front- and back-office bots in RPA?

Ans: 

Front office bots: Bots whose sending is in the client's control and requires human intervention. These bots work from a similar work area as that of the client. They must be set off by neighborhood machines physically and can't run distantly. 

Back office bots: These bots can run on bolted machines from the orchestrator. The client may not be effectively included. These bots can likewise be set off distantly by workers.

Q18) Differentiate Chatbot from Robotic Process Automation?

Ans: Following points differ chatbot from robotic process automation

Chatbot: A bot is modified to talk with a client (human) like a human. Potentially prescribe a pre-learned goal to a specific issue that the client faces or ask for and train backend frameworks to give a solicitation. 

RPA (Robotic Process Automation): A bot modified to robotize a manual business interaction of executing an errand or a movement inside a business work. A business capacity can resemble HR/Finance/Procurement and so on. A chatbot can be a medium to contribute to an RPA motor yet can't reproduce the highlights of an RPA motor.

Q19) Give a step-by-step procedure to deploy the UiPath?

Ans: Following steps help guide you to deploy the UiPath

  • Install UiPath Studio on the framework on which we need to Automate the process
  • To provision, the machine, take the robot key from Orchestrator and enter it into the Robot Configuration board and the Configuration URL found in the Admin segment of Orchestrator. 
  • Publish the strategy, aside from if we need to use our current system 
  • Build up an Environment 
  • In that Environment, arrive at the interaction. 
  • Start work

Q20) Differentiate UiPath and Selenium?

Ans: Selenium is explicitly intended to test web applications and sites. It is inconceivable to connect with different applications and take the yield of one application as a contribution for various applications. It can't work with Virtual conditions like Citrix and so forth by any means. UiPath is an RPA tool intended to robotize any existing programming interaction to supplant any exercises that a human can perform. 

So we can say that RPA is the following degree of existing mechanization instruments. It permits individuals to construct an unpredictable standard-based cycle with next to no product advancement abilities. You can do everything utilizing UiPath, which should be possible by Selenium; however, the other way around is unbelievable. You can likewise take a gander at my underneath articles for additional subtleties on these apparatuses.

Q21) Explain about Citrix Automation?

Ans: Any automation arrangement assembled utilizing a virtual work area or working in virtual work areas is Citrix robotization. It assumes a significant part in little to enormous organizations like BPO and contacts focuses where applications are being distantly due to security contemplations.

Q22) What points should be considered as a priority during the planning phase of Automation?

Ans: After choosing the device, which is the primary errand, the following enormous thing that matters a great deal is choosing the correct framework. Different things are labeled as In extension and Out Scope that should be selected depending on the errand's kind of tasks. After this, the test environment is to be thought of. Whenever required, clients need to set up the diagrams of undertaking courses of events. Simultaneously, the distinguishing proof of expectations is another central point that will be considered as a priority.

Q23) Give an explanation that Robotic Process Automation is reliable and secure?

Ans: At a few levels, the equivalent is underlying the RPA. The beneficial thing is with all the sellers, and the run time factor is entirely unexpected to the interaction, which is identified with the altering of anything. It isn't fundamental that all the clients are given similar activities, yet they can be confined. This, by and large, incorporates making, planning, running, just as altering the cycles. Each log made can furnish full data with a wide extension. When contrasted with a manual process, RPA gives additional control, just as security.

Q24) List out the applications of Robotic Process Automation?

Ans: Following are few applications of Robotic Process Automation:

Data Extraction: All companies need to record their exchanges in diaries to be utilized for future cycles. Instead of the manual workforce and having an inquiry consistently a primary concern if the exchange is put away effectively, a robot can be utilized to assemble and merge businesses. 

Performing Financial Close and Reporting: The repetitive interaction of posting information from different sources to sub-records of an organization to make and convey financial filings can be handily dealt with through RPA. 

Getting reports about the Market: Organizations may have to report the market circumstance on certain boundaries consistently to contend with their rivals. A robot can be placed into this work to convey a full report of the market on schedule. 

Processing of Exception Orders: It is frequently seen that business orders hold the cost for various days. A robot can do a value check of that specific item and confirm the current price with the saved cost in such circumstances. 

Maintaining Customer Information: In an enterprise, numerous clients may get associated with the business consistently. Presently, every organization needs to keep up with the information of every single client. On the off chance that an individual does it, at that point, it might take longer than a robot. Yet, on the off chance that a robot does this job, at that point, information can be occasionally approved and refreshed.

Q25) Is Robotic Automation like screen scraping and macos?

Ans: No, administrative Robotic Automation is an age from old innovations like screen scratching or macros. The significant contrasts are: Robots are widespread application orchestrators – a present-day robot can use any application that a man can utilize, regardless of whether centralized computer, bespoke application, heritage, web administration empowered, or even a nearby outsider API facilitated administration. Robots gather procedural information, which after some time gets together with a shared library that can be re-utilized by some other robot or gadget. 

Applications are "read" by the robot, either through submitted APIs where they exist, through the OS before the application shows up, or through the local application screen. In this last case, the advanced robot "peruses" an application screen in setting and similarly a client does. As a component of the robot preparation, the best way to peruse the application's showcase similar to a client is to appear.

Q26) Explain Macro-recorder?

Ans: A macro recorder empowers you to record mouse and console exercises to create mechanization contents. The practices are organized dependent on the succession of activities being performed on the screen. This arrangement is saved in your work process, which you can utilize later to playback the recorded actions.

Q27) What is UiPath Studio?

Ans: This platform empowers you to make robotized bots. It envelops many action formats and instant parts to move. UiPath studio comprises of: 

GUI Dashboard: Offers a visual dashboard with exercises like "Send an email," "Show message," and that's only the tip of the iceberg 

Types of Recorders: UiPath studio gives different kinds of recorders to record activities on various stages 

Logging and exception handling: Offers different alternatives for troubleshooting and particular case taking care of, for example, Debug, Open Logs, Slow Step, and so on 

Reusable components: The client can make reusable parts to distribute them together as libraries

Q28) What is meant by publishing in UiPath Automation Studio?

Ans: Distributing the robotization bundle demonstrates chronicling it, and the related documents present specifically envelope for sending it to robots and afterward executing it. When you are associated with the orchestrator, the venture will go to the orchestrator field, and later, it will be shown on the bundle's page. Furthermore, from this spot, you can circulate them to different robots without much of a stretch after you allocate a few bundles to the climate. Else, it will get put away locally in the Studio feed.

Q29) Differentiate Robotic Process Automation from Macros?

Ans: Following are the key points that differentiate robotic process automation from Macros:

Robots

Macros

Learn and upgrade themselves from repetitive cycles. 



No need to learn or upgrade themselves from repetitive processes.



Can act self-sufficiently 



Cannot work autonomously



React to external boosts and reconstruct themselves 

Do not acknowledge visible stimuli.



Extremely secured robotization

Security is not essential precedence here.

Q30) How is exception handling done in UiPath?

Ans: Exception handling is one of the error-handling methods in UiPath. The error-handling activity offers four options:

Rethrow: Using this activity, the robot throws an exception that was caught previously while executing the workflow. For this activity, we don’t need to provide any specified message.

Terminate Workflow: This is a mechanism where you ask the robot to terminate activities. This activity is mostly used when there is no data to process. To use it, you may need to provide the exception message so the bot can log in to the error log file. It can then be referred by the developer/business to get more details about the run.

Throw: It is a mechanism wherein if a bot fails to execute the mentioned activity, it throws an error with a specified error message to understand where the bot failed.

Try Catch: This activity has three parts. The Try block executes, and if there were any errors, they would be caught in the “Catch” Section. After executing the Try block, the robot will execute the “Finally” block in any condition.