RPA Vs Selenium- Differences you need to know

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Published Date

19th November, 2020




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Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

RPA refers to the use of software with artificial intelligence and machine learning processes to manage repeated tasks of every day working. Whoever has invested in RPA till now, has not regretted it. This is because of its usually high ROI (Return of Investment).  Selenium on the other hand refers to an open-source testing suite that is very like HP Quick Test Pro and accentuation for the most part on mechanizing online applications. Selenium as an automation device was created by Thoughtworks in the mid-2000s. It was created through different dialects in the end when in 2006, under Simon Stewart modified and left behind the underlying focal points. The at long last created Selenium Web driver was accomplished by combining Web driver and Selenium remote control.

In this article, we will discuss the differences between these two automation tools.

RPA in Detail

Robotic Process Automation is the utilization of programming with man-made consciousness (AI) and AI capacities to deal with high-volume, repeatable errands that recently expected people to perform. These errands can incorporate questions, computations, and support of records and exchanges. 

RPA innovation comprises programming robots (bots) that can impersonate a human specialist. RPA bots can sign into applications, enter information, compute and complete errands and afterward log out. 

RPA programming isn't a piece of an association's IT foundation. Rather, it sits on it, empowering an organization to execute the innovation rapidly and proficiently - all without changing the current foundation and frameworks. What recognizes RPA from customary IT automation is the capacity of the RPA programming to know and adjust to evolving conditions, special cases, and new circumstances. Once RPA programming has been prepared to catch and decipher the activities of explicit procedures in existing programming applications, it would then be able to control information, trigger reactions, start new activities and speak with different frameworks self-sufficiently. 

RPA Tutorial

Selenium in Detail 

SELENIUM is a free (open-source) mechanized testing system used to approve web applications across various programs and stages. You can utilize different programming dialects like Java, C#, Python, and so on to make Selenium Test Scripts. Testing done utilizing the Selenium apparatus is generally alluded to as Selenium Testing. Selenium Software isn't only a solitary instrument however a set-up of programming, each piece taking into account distinctive testing needs of an association 

There are numerous such instruments that can be utilized to play out the equivalent, however, Selenium manages each apparatus on account of its rapid and productivity rate. Toward the start of testing, practically all organizations attempted manual testing, which can make a less proficient blunder report. Likewise, the report changes from the analyzer to analyzer, since the designer and analyzer may have distinctive undertaking thoughts. Presently likewise numerous organizations are following this example in light of the absence of fantastic automation analyzers.

Selenium Tutorial

RPA vs Selenium - The Differences that you must know

Robotic Process Automation (RPA)


It has been developed to automate tasks that are repetitive as well as monotonous with respect to web applications.

It has been specially developed only for automating the testing procedures with respect to a  web application.

The three main components of Workflow automation, AI, and screen scraping form the core of the architecture of RPA

The four main components of IDE, RC, WebDriver, and Grid form the core architecture of Selenium.

The tool has been optimized to resemble the work of a human being.

The tool has got nothing to do with any semblance to human activities

It can work independently of regular software coding and updates

It works on the set commands that have been defined to set up an automated process of testing of a particular kind of software.

The tool is platform-independent 

The tool can work only on the following- Java, C#, PHP, Python, Ruby, and PERL.

Many versions and editions of the tool with different pricing are available 

It is free of cost and is easily accessible

Software bots are the main component that lies at the core in RPA.

Webdriver is the main component that lies at the core of the Selenium suite.

The tool can store, clean, and work on several manual processes of a web application.

The only thing that this tool functions on is the testing component of the web app and nothing else.


Technology has opened doors for many new developments that have been saving a lot of time for human beings. These days you can automate most of the tasks. All you need is the right tool for the right automation of the given task. RPA and Selenium are mechanisms to automate tasks but both have a very different field of operation. RPA works on automating many workloads and functions of a web app, whereas Selenium is simply a suite that helps in automating the process of testing the web app under the scanner. 

I hope you now have a much better understanding of RPA v Selenium. In case you have any doubts, leave a comment. Our community of experts will definitely solve your query.


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