XPath is a very useful tool for all of your Selenium tests. It allows you to navigate through multiple elements in the DOM and extract values from them. XPath is a very powerful tool that can be used for any kind of automation project. The primary application of XPath is to locate elements and then examine their attributes. It can also be used to test whether an element has a certain attribute or not.

Implementation of Xpath in Selenium

2It is to identify the elements  with tag names

2It is of two types

1)relative x path

2) Absolute x path

1) Relative x path:-

2we can identify the elements with the help of a parent tag and with unique attributes.

2In attributes, we can provide multiple also to identify the element.

Ex:-//input [@id=’id’]


//input [@id=’f-id’ and @name=’name’]

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2) Absolute XPath:

2By using relative XPath if we are unable to identify the element then we can go the absolute path

2It will identify the element with the complete hierarchal XML path of the element.

2we can take the absolute XPath from the tool fire path. It is an add-on for Firebug.


2Launch  Firefox and open the below URL


2Go to the above path click on “add to Firefox”

2install now

How to capture XPath:-

2Right-click on the element click on inspect else with firebug and then click on the tagitive element and then click on inspect in the fire path

2By default, it generates a relative x path

2To get the absolute XPath àclick on the arrow mark at fire pathàselect general XPath

2Done firebug and capture the XPath again to get the absolute XPath

Note:-XPath should always start with “//”(or)”xpath=”

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DOM(document  object model):-

2This approach is derived from javascript

2It will identify the elements based on the form name.



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