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Operator Overloading in C# .Net

Operator Overloading


int a = 10; b = 20;,c;

C= a + b-arrrow30  (Addition)

String S1 = ‘ABC’, S2 = ‘XYZ’,S3;

S3 = S1+S2arrrowAbc xyz  (concatenation)

Assume that test is a class and t1,t2,t3 are objects then

T3 = t1+t2 gives an error

‘+’ operator is developed to use with numbers and string only BUT NOT WITH OBJECTS.


Operator overloading is a concept of extending the functionality of an Existing operator.

All the operators are over loadable except those contains a.

That is the following operators are not over loadable.


arrrow  member Access operator

:: Ternary or conditional operator

:: property access operator

:   Inheritance operator

While overloading relational operators, these must be overloaded in ‘PAIR’.


To overload >, < must be overloaded

To overload >=, <= must be overloaded.

To overload ==,!= must be overloaded.


Overloaded operator must be declared as static.

Operators is a keyword.

Syntax to overloaded an operator


Public static return type  operator + (args)





Example :-  on overloading + operator for adding the objects


Class EMP


Private int Sal;






E1  arrrow Sal (5000)

E2 arrrow Sal (8000)

E3   arrrow Sal (2700)


E1+E2+E3 = EMP(Data type)


Open windows forms Application project à Place a button arrrow Code in GD


Class EMP


Private int Sal;

Public EMP (int x  )// constructor


Sal = X;


Public EMP () // Default constructor


Public void Print ()


Message Box. Show (Sal);



//overloading  + public static EMP operator  +  (EMP X , EMP y)


EMP t = new EMP ();

Sal = X. Sal + Y. Sal;

return t;

} operator overloading


}// EMP class


Code for Button 1_click


EMP e1 = new EMP (5000);

EMP e2 = new EMP (8000);

EMP e3 = new EMP (5000);

EMP total  = new EMP ();

Total = e1 +e2+e3 ;

Total .Print ();



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