What is Testware?
Testware is a subset of software. It helps testers to test the performance of applications. It plans, designs and executes tests during testing processes and procedures. Some of the features of Testware include inputs, scripts, and documents. Others are expected results, utilities and additional software necessary in testing.
Testware can also be defined as a combination of application software and utilities. These apps and utilities are vital in testing an individual software package. Testware is unique since it can be used for different purposes. Its various metrics enhance quality in testing. Its ability to accommodate different users makes testing easy.
What is the difference between Quality Assurance (QA), Quality Control (QC) and Software Testing?
Software Testing is a process examining whether the product developed by a developer meets the quality standards. The primary intention of doing software testing is to locate the bugs to fix them.
Quality Assurance (QA) on the hand refers to a systematic way that involves monitoring processes. The processes participate in producing quality products. It tracks the outputs and goes ahead to adjust the operations to meet the desired outcomes.
Finally, Quality Control (QC) is a testing technique that concerns itself with the quality of the product in manufacturing. As a testing tool, it finds defects on products. After finding faults, it offers suggestions on how to eliminate them. It falls under the responsibilities of a tester
When do you think QA activities should start?
QA activity should start from the beginning of the project. The more early it starts the more benefit it is to set the standards for achieving the quality.
The cost, time and efforts are very challenging in case the QA activities gets delayed.
Can you explain the software testing life cycle?
Software Testing Life Cycle refers to a testing process which has specific steps to be executed in a definite sequence to ensure that the quality goals have been met.
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How do you define a format of writing a good test case?
A test case has the below format:
Test case ID,
Test case description
Steps to execute
What is the difference between functional and nonfunctional testing?
Functional testing basically deals with the functional aspect of the application. This technique tests that the system is behaving as per the requirement and specification.
These are directly linked with customer requirement. We validate the test cases against the specified requirement and make the test pass or failed accordingly.
Examples include regression, integration, system, smoke etc…
Nonfunctional testing – on the other hand tests the Nonfunctional aspect of the application. It tests NOT the requirement, but the environmental factors like performance, load and stress.
These are not explicitly specified in the requirement but are prescribed in the quality standards. So as QA we have to make sure that these testing are also given sufficient time and priority.
What are advantages of destructive testing?
Ans. Following are the benefits of destructive testing:
Determines quality of welds
Encertains compliance with regulations
Verifies properties of a material
Helps you to reduce costs, failures and accident
What is a use case?
Ans. A use case helps you know the actions of the user and the answer of the system found in a particular functionality. It encompasses revision, exceptions and cover page.
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How well do you handle ambiguity?
Test cases are not always straight-forward and QA Engineers will need to act on their personal judgement. They need to feel comfortable with ambiguity.
How do you perform integration testing?
Integration testing is black box testing. Integration testing focuses on the interfaces between units, to make sure the units work together. For integration testing we ensure that all units testing of the each component is performed earlier. Integration testing begins only after the unit testing. The purpose of integration testing is to ensure different components of the application interact with each other. So that, components work as per the customer requirements. Test cases are developed with the purpose of exercising the interfaces between the components. Integration testing is considered complete, when actual results and expected results are same.
What is Exploratory Testing and Specification-Driven testing?
Exploratory testing: means testing an application without a test plan and test script. In exploring testing test explore the application on the basis on his knowledge. The tester has no knowledge about the application previously. He explores the application like an end user and try to use it. While using the application his main motive is to find the bugs which are in the application.
Specification-driven testing: means to test the functionality of software according to the user requirements. In this, tester inputs multiple data and monitors the outputs from, the test object. In this testing tester evaluate the showstopper bugs which break the major functionality of the application. This type of testing requires test plan and test.