30th September, 2020
A: Quality Assurance is defined as an activity to ensure that an organization is providing the best possible product or service to the customers. Its primary focus is to improve the processes to deliver quality products to the customer.
Testing is the process of identifying bugs and validates whether the software built by the development team satisfies the standards and requirements of the customers or the users or by the organization. Its primary focus is to find the bugs and defects to ensure the quality of the software developed by the team.
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A: The different types of software testing are as follows:
A: The tools of a tester may vary depending on the projects. The following are the sample tools that are commonly used by a tester.
A: The roles of a Software Quality Assurance Engineer are
A: Data-driven testing is a test automation framework that stores test data in a spreadsheet form. It allows automation engineers to possess a single test script that can execute tests for all the test data within the table. In this framework, the input data can be store in a single or multiple data sources like CSV, XML, Xls, and databases.
A: Test plan is a document that defines the scope, approach, objectives, and emphasis on software testing effort. It includes test plan ID, test techniques, test tasks, features to be tested, schedules, features pass or fail criteria, responsibilities, and test deliverables.
Whereas, a Test strategy is a set of guidelines that explains test design and describes how the test needs to perform. It includes objectives and scope, client communication strategy, documentation formats, team reporting structure, test processes, etc.
A: Test case is a set of actions executed to verify a specific feature or functionality of a software application. It contains test data, test steps, precondition, and postcondition developed for a particular test scenario to verify any requirement.
A: The strategy for Automation Test Plan are as follows:
A: The contents of the test plan and test case are as follows:
A: Bug leakage happens when a current bug doesn't found during testing. This bug already existed in the early stages of the development of an application.
Whereas, Bug release is that releasing the software even if it has a bug. These bugs are usually not that dangerous, and they do not have much impact on software.
A: The steps involved in the Bug cycle are as follows:
A: The challenges of automation testing are as follows:
A: Agile testing is a test practice that observes the rules and methodologies of agile software development. Agile testing can begin at the start of the project with continuous integration between development and testing. The importance of Agile testing is that the coding and testing both go simultaneously, and the test plan is written and updated for every release.
A: Load testing is a process that simulates user load on the application. It validates how the application performs during normal and high loads. Here the load refers to a large number of users, messages, notifications, data, requests, etc.
Stress testing is a kind of testing that determines the stability and hardness of the system. It is a non-functional testing method that uses an auto-generated simulation model that checks all the situations.
Performance testing is for determining the speed of a computer, device, or network. It validates the performance of the components of a system by providing various parameters in various load scenarios.
A: Configuration management is a change control process. It allows software testers to manage their testware and test outputs using the same configuration mechanisms. It helps in managing and controlling the versions of software and hardware configurations.
A: The various artefacts that prefer to write the test case are as follows:
A: The software quality practices include the following:
A: Ad hoc testing is informal testing to break the system. It is an unplanned activity without any test design or test cases to perform the test. It does not follow any structured way of testing and randomly performs tests on any part of the application. The main aim of this testing is to find defects by random checking.
A: The thread testing is a software testing that verifies the key functional capabilities of a specific task. It usually performs at an early stage of the integration testing phase.
A: The five standard solutions for software development problems are as follows:
A: Verification techniques are static and are of three methods:
A: A software testing metric is a quantitative measure that helps to estimate the progress, quality, and health of a software testing effort. There are three types of test metrics. They are as follows:
A: QA testing documents should include the following:
A: Regression testing is a type of software testing that is to verify whether a recent program or code changes has not affected existing features of an application
Whereas Retesting is to verify the test case that failed in the execution is passed after the bugs are verified. It is performed based on the bug fixes.
A: The various tools required to support testing during the development of application are as follows:
A: Bug triage is a process where each bud is prioritized depending on the severity, risk, frequency, etc. Triage is a term used in software testing to define the severity and priority of new bugs. The main goal of Bug triage is to evaluate, prioritize, and assign the resolution of bugs
A: The software testing life cycle is a sequence of specific activities conducted during the testing process to ensure software quality. It involves both verification and validation activities.
A: Testware is a test artefact such as test cases, test plans, test data that are required to design and execute a test.
A: A use case is a document that describes a particular functionality of the system by a user. It includes a table of contents, cover page, revision history, the flow of events, and specific requirements.
A: The tips for determining the severity of a bug are as follows:
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