SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) is a component of the Microsoft SQL Server database software that can be used to perform a broad range of data migration tasks. SSIS is a platform for data integration and workflow applications.
SSIS Development Studio
The Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS) is the desktop workstation component you use to design, develop, and test SSIS packages. BIDS provides you with a totally graphical-oriented development environment, allowing you to copy, maintain, and create new packages by using a menu and toolbox drag-and-drop method for development. BIDS is a comprehensive development platform that supports collaboration with source code management and version control; provides debugging tools such as breakpoints, variable watches, and data viewers; and includes the SQL Server Import and Export Wizard to jump-start package development.
Within BIDS, the SQL Server Import and Export Wizard allows you to generate SSIS packages to copy data from one location to another quickly and easily. The Import and Export Wizard guides you through a series of configuration editor pages that allow you to select the source data, select your target destination, and map source to target data elements. You might find this wizard helpful for creating a starting point for a package.
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SSIS Runtime Services
SSIS Runtime Services manages storage of packages in .dtsx (SSIS package system file format) files or in the MSDB database and manages and monitors their execution. SSIS Runtime Services saves your package layout, applies configurations, executes packages, manages data source and destination connection strings and security, and supports logging for tracking and debugging. SSIS Runtime Services executable includes the package and all its containers, tasks, custom tasks, and event handlers.
After you design, develop, and complete your testing of SSIS packages from your desktop BIDS, you will want to deploy and implement the packages for scheduled or on-demand processing to the SSIS Runtime Services server. In some companies, the deployment of finished packages is oftentimes performed by a production administrator or other authorized group. At other times, packages can be deployed by the developer. Either way, you can use the graphical interface or a command-line utility to configure and complete the package deployment.
SSIS Package Deployment
- The SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) is a desktop workstation component for the deployment and management of packages into production environments. SSMS connects directly to SSIS Runtime Services and provides access to the Execute Package utility, is used to import and export packages to and from available storage modes (MSDB database or SSIS Package Store), and allows you to view and monitor running packages.
- There are also two command-line utilities that you can use to manage, deploy, and execute SSIS packages. An alternative to SSMS, Dtutil.exe, provides package management functionality at the command prompt to copy, move, or delete packages or to confirm that a package exists.
- Finally, a more advanced feature is the Integration Services Object Model that includes application programming interfaces (APIs) for customizing run-time and data flow operations and automating package maintenance and execution by loading, modifying, or executing new or existing packages programmatically from within your business applications.
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