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Architecture of O/S

Unix OS Architecture

User:-  User is nothing but an individual who uses the available hardware & software resources.




Shell:  It is a command line interpreter. The shell access request from user and the checks command existence if the command exist then it converts into kernel understandable language and it send the given request to kernel. The shell access interface between user and kernel.


Types of shells:


nameShell  Developed by Prompt Interpreter name
Bourne Shell Stephen Bourne $ Sh
Bash Shell Stephen Bourne $ bash
Korn Shell David Korn $ Ksh
Z shell Paul $ zsh
C shell Bill Joy % csh
Desired to gain proficiency on Linux? Explore the blog post on Linux training to become a pro in Linux.

Note:  The advanced version of Bourne shell is Bash shell. Bash means Bourne again shell.


Default Shell name Flavor name
Bash Shell Linux
Bourne Shell Sco-Unix, Solaries, HP-UX
Korn Shell IBM-AIX
C Shell IRIX



   The kernel is the heart of the operating system.

  • The Kernel is responsible for interacting with the hardware and producing output to the screen.
  • It handles the process, memory, file, device and network management for the operating system
  • Linux is truly just the kernel.


Difference between UNIX & WINDOWS:


It is CUI IT is GUI
It is multiuser and Multitasking o/S WINDOWS also multiuser and multitasking o/s
To boot UNIX o/s, 2 MB RAM is Enough 12 MB RAM is required.
UNIX is process  based concept It is Thread based concept.
In UNIX, any use process is killed it will not effect to others. It effects to all.
Unlimited users working on the server. Limited users working on the server.
UNIX is open system It is closed system
It is portable O/S. Not portable.
No down time Down time is there.

For indepth understanding of Linux click on

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