C++ Tutorials Overview
Welcome to C++ Tutorials. The objective of these tutorials is to provide good understanding on C++ Programming Language. In these tutorials, we will cover topics such as Data Types, Constructors, Functions, Aggregation etc.
In addition to free C++ tutorials, we will cover common interview questions and issues of C++ Programming Language.
An object oriented programming language
Initially named C with classes
Developed by Bjourne stroustrip
Renamed as c++ in 1983
The idea comes from C statement operator +*
IS a superset of C
What is C++ ?
C++ is an object oriented programming language
What is language ?
A language is a software computer is an electronic device cannot perform operating by own.
Language provide set of instructions to perform operations by computer.
Language is nothing but programming tool
C++ is the name of the language
‘c’ language is derived from ‘B’ language
'B’ language is derived from BCPL
‘C’ language develops in the year 1972
C++ language is develops in the year 1980
What is a Program?
Set of instructions or collection of instructions and data.
programming elements are
In order to write a program to required Data and instructions.
programming is nothing but process of organize data and instructions according to given problem
object oriented means rules and regularity
What is a Programming Concept
Programming principle define set of rules and regulations for organization of data and instructions
Process Monolithic Programming
Process Oriented Programming
Modular Oriented Programming
Structure Oriented Programming
Object Oriented Programming
Application of C++
Using C++ you can develop system software like OS, Device Drivers, Network(N/W) protocols, PC – utilities
Application software you can develop application like
C++ is a general purpose programming language better than ‘c’
General purpose means it is suitable for developed any type of software.
CUI means character user interface
Unstructured Programming / Monolithic Programming
Organizing the data and instructions are organized in sequential manner called Monolithic programming
In this approach instructions organization in sequential order
A sequence is set of instructions used to solve a given problem. ( Assembly level language, Basic)
Program execution is controlled to use a go to statement
Code redundancy : same operation has to be more than one time, same sequence has to copied at number of places.
Size of program is increment
Efficiency of program is decreased
COBOL and Pascal are called as procedural oriented programming languages.
In this approach instructions organized according to their operations by dividing into small programs or small pieces called sub routine.
A sub routine is a small program within program
This subroutine can be procedure or function
Dividing a program into small pieces 0 also called as divide and conqueror According to their operations into small module
: write code once and use more than once time
Easy to read or understand
Data is global or local
It emphasis on instructions but not on data.
What is a Modular programming
In modular programming, a module is a programming in this approach, an application contain one or more that one module
Each program is divided into subroutine.
A program which contain a main is called executable module which is compiled as .exe
A program which has doesn’t have main is called reusable module which is compiled as .LIB(Library)
‘C’ and pascal is called structured programming language
Characteristics of Structured Programming
User defined data types (Pascal)
scoped variables (local & Global)
One subroutine communicate with another by passing values
Data is global and global data does not have security
Un-related operation access global data, if leads and logical errors.
debugging application is complex
In a large program identifying which operation perform operation on what data becomes complex.