The following are the critical Teradata Components

PE BYNET AMP VSS 5.V DISK  

AMP

AMP is vproc. vproc is nothing But a collection of instructions, which performs a specific operation(or)Task

PE[Passing Engine]  

Passing Engine

Passing Engine  

It takes SQL Request and delivery SQL response  

Session Control

  • The session is nothing but a logical connection between user and Application.
  • Passing Engine checks the authentication and authorization, if it’s valid, it does log in otherwise log off

Parser

  • It checks syntactical Error
  • It checks symmetrical Error
  • It checks the Existence of an object

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Query Rewrite Mechanism

It writes the Query such away optimizer can understand easily  

Example:  

IF The Query is Q7, it converts into Q2  

Optimizer

It is an important component in any database including Teradata It provides an execution plan for SQL Statement so that it is going to be executed by the database Generally it usages the below information.

  • System configuration
  • Available parallel unit
  • Data Demographics, etc
  • Access plan
  • Join plan

Generator

It generated steps for the plan provided

Dispatched

It performs and manager request and response, flow control(Taking Request, Response keeping in Queue  in delivery)

Note:  

Passing Engine Handle max 120 sessions at a time

BYNET[BANYAN NETWORK]:

It acts as a” Message communication layer” between various components.  

SMP BYNET [PE-AMP]

POINT - POINT-One message from PE To one AMP

MULTI CAST-One message from PE to Many AMPs

BROAD CAST- One message from PE to All AMPs  

MPP BYNET[NODE-NODE]:

POINT- POINT-One message from One NODE to other NODE

MULTI CAST-One message from One NODE to Many NODE

BROAD CAST- One message from One NODE to All NODE  

AMP[Access Module Processor]

1. Each AMP is responsible for managing a portion of MAIN DISK SPACE (VIRTUAL DISK)

2. This space not sharable by any other AMPs so we call architecture as shared-nothing architecture.

3. Each AMP Operator independently resources

4. Each AMP contains a database management subsystem. If perform the below operations.

  • Performing DDL
  • Performing DML
  • Performing Joins
  • Performing Applying and Releasing locks
  • Performing Aggregate operation
  • Performing OLAP operation
  • Performing SORTING Operation etc.,

Note:

Max so task AMP TO perform at a time

Multiple AMP runs independently so high parallelism implement  

VSS(Virtual Storage System):

  • It is available from Teradata 13 onwards, basically, design to manage a multi-tier warehouse
  • Teradata VSS Pools all of the cylinders within CLIQUE’s DISK SPACE and allocates cylinders from the storage pool.
  • It migrates frequently used data (Hot data) to FASTER DEVICES and less frequently used data (cold data)to SLOWER DEVICES.  

Before Teradata VSS

a) AMPS know the physical location of the cylinder which are address by DRIVE# (OR) CYLINDER#

b) Adjusting system AMPS integral number of drives per AMP

c) Adding storage requires an additional drive per AMP.  

After TDV SS

a) AMPs don’t know the physical location of the cylinder and it can be changed, because of the cylinder in CLIQUE’s On effective in the pool, that are managed by Teradata virtual storage, virtual process.

b) Added drives are shared by all AMP’s

c) You can add several drives, This new Drive may have different capacity are performance than those drives, which are already present in the system

Before Teradata Virtual storage

  Teradata

 

After  Teradata Virtual storage

  Teradata

 

Virtual Disk (or)VDISK  

 

Virtual Disk

Collection of physical DISK (OR) Group of cylinder Arranged in Array position is called VDISK(or) virtual DISK Traditionally this called as DISK Array (or) Array of DISK After AMP performance operation, it invokes the controller this store and manages the data across physical disk This controller active array controller, the number of cylinders in an Array is called a RANK in the above Diagram the Rank is 3.(N-1)=4-1=3

  • CLI-CALL LEVEL INTERFACE
  • TDP-TERA DATA DIRECTORY PROGRAM
  • MTDP-Micro Tera data Directory program
  • MOSI- Micro Operating system Independent
  • CA-Channel Application

Teradata Interview Questions

Teradata components  

For connection to the Teradata database system, we need to connect through either CHANNEL ATTACHED SYSTEM OR NETWORK ATTACHED SYSTEM  

TDP(Teradata Directory Program)

  • If check the authentication is successful, it creates a session and Logs on
  • It balances multiple session [Create multiple session]  

MTDP(Micro Tera data Directory Program)

It just like TDP cannot balances to sessions  

CLI (CALL LEVEL Interface)

It is a low-level interface for request, response Blocking, and un- Blocking.  

MOSI (Micro operating system Independent)

It checks the platform Independence of the operating system.

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