Material Master Data in SAP MM

22 September, 2020


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Material Master Data

SAP-MM (Material Management)

A) Purchasing Module

B) Inventory Management.

C) Logistic Invoice Verification.

Master Data: The data in the consolidation system remains unchanged over a long period of time called master data.

Transaction Data: The Data uses Mater data while creating transactions.


  • Goods or objects that are used, consumed, or created during the manufacturing may be called materials.
  • It is the smallest unit that cannot split into any smaller unit.
  • The material can be traded, used in manufacture, consumed are produced.
  • A Service may also be treated as material.
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Material Master:

  • It contains the description of all materials that an enterprise procures, produces, or keeps in stock.
  • It represents the central source for the material-specific data.
  • Integration of all material data in a single material database eliminates the problem of data redundancy and permits the data to be used not only purchasing but other applications like inventory management, Material Planning & Control, Invoice Verification, etc.
  • The data mentioned in the Material Master is for more than one organizational level
  • How the information in the Material Master is organized in the Material Master DataBase?

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Data at the Client level (data is valid for the whole company)

Ex: Material No, Short Text, Material Group, Base, and Alternate Unit Of Measure.

Data at Plant level: All the data that is valid within the plant and for all storage locations in its store at the plant level.

Ex: Purchasing data, MRP data, Forecasting data, and work scheduling data

Data at Storage Location Level: All the data that is valid for a particular storage location is stored at this level.

Ex: Storage bin Description, picking area, etc.

Material Type: Certain attributes of Material called Material Type or Grouping of materials with the same basic attributes/characteristics. Ex: Raw Materials, Semi-finished or finished products.

Material Group: Similar properties of material grouped together called Material Group (Or) grouping of materials according to their characteristics.

Material Class: Material Classification is for easy and fast retrieval of (material) data.

SAP MM Material master

Notes on Material Type:

Material Types are used for the following areas

  • Profit Center Accounting
  • Valuation & A/c Assignment (Valuation Class)
  • Product Cost Planning
  • Production, BOM, and Routings
  • SD (Availability Check)

Material Type determines which accounts are to be posted when a material is posted or leaves from the warehouse.

Together with the plant, the material type determines the materials Inventory Management Requirements like

  • Whether changes in Quantity are updated in the Material Master record
  • Whether Changes in Values are updated in the Stock A/c in Financial Accounting.

Material Type Controls

  • Type of Number assignment
  • Permitted Number range interval
  • Which screens are to be displayed in which order?
  • Which user department-specific data (view) is suggested for entry?
  • Which procurement type is permitted for material i.e. whether the material is procured externally, in-house or both allowed.Etc.

Which G/L accounts are to be updated?

Material Types in standard SAP

  1. ABF - Waste 
  2. COMP- Prod. Alloc. Purchases                
  3. CONT - Kanban Container                         
  4. COUP - Coupons                                        
  5. DIEN - Services                                            
  6. ERSA - Spare parts                                       
  7. FERT - Finished Product                           
  8. FGTR - Drinks                                               
  9. FHMI - Prod. Resource/ tools                    
  10. FOOD - Food (excl: perishable)                 
  11. FRIP - Perishable         
  12. HALB - Semi-finished prod.           
  13. HAWA - Trading goods.
  14. HERS - Manufacturing Parts.     
  15. HIBE - Operating supplies       
  16. IBAU - Maintenance Assy. 
  17. INTR - Intra material. 
  18. KMAT - Configurable Mat.
  19. KWFO - Own material.
  20. LEER - Empties. 
  21. LEIH - Returnable-Packaging
  22. LGUT - empties (retail)   
  23. MODE - Apparel (seasonal)
  24. NLAG - Non Stock material
  25. NOFI - Non-Foods
  26. PIPE - Pipeline material
  27. PLAN - Trading goods (planned)
  28. PROC - Process material
  29. PROD - Product Group
  30. ROH - Raw material   
  31. UNBW - Non-Valuated material                               
  32. VERP - Packing material                       
  33. VKHM - Additionals                       
  34. VOLL - Full product                                       
  35. WERB - Product Catalog                             
  36. WERT - Value Only material               
  37. WETT - Competitive product.   


Material Views:

Basic Data1                 

Quality Management                               


Basic Data2                 

Warehouse Management1                       

Accounting 1      


Warehouse Management2                       

Accounting 2

Purchasing Data           

Plant / Storage 1                                     

Costing 1

PO Text                         

Plant / Storage 2                                     

Costing 2


MRP 1                                                       

Plant Data


MRP 2                                                       

Storage Loc. Data


MRP 3                                                       

Production Resources

Sales Order Text         

MRP 4                                                       

Work Schedule                                                                               

Foreign Trade Import                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Foreign Trade Export



Material Master IMG Settings:

Define the valuation level: SPRO->Enterprise Structure ->Definition -> Logistics – General

Define the valuation level (OX14)

Define Output Format of Material Numbers: SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master ->Basic Settings

Define Output Format of Material Numbers (OMSL)

Maintain Company code at Material Management: SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master -> Basic Settings Maintain Company Codes for Materials Management (OMSY)

Define Attributes of Material Types: SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master -> Basic Settings Material Types-> Define Attributes of Material Types (OMS2) - Qty and Value updating

Define Number Ranges for Each Material Type: SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master -> Basic Settings Material Types-> Define No Ranges for Each Material Type (MMNR)

Define Material Groups: SPRO->Logistics – General ->Material Master -> Settings for Key Fields Define Material Groups (OMSF)

Create Purchasing Groups: SPRO->Material Management -> Purchasing -> Material Master Data in SAP MMCreate Purchasing Groups

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