Material Master Data in SAP MM

Material Master Data

SAP-MM (Material Management)

A) Purchasing Module
B) Inventory Management.
C) Logistic Invoice Verification.

Master Data

The data in consolidation system that remains unchanged over a long period of time called master data.

Transaction Data: The Data uses Mater data while creating transactions.


– Goods or objects that are used, consumed or created during the manufacturing may be called materials.
– It is the smallest unit that cannot split into any smaller unit.
– Material can be traded, used in manufacture, consumed are produced.
– A Service may also be treated as material.

Material Master:

– It contains the description of all materials that an enterprise procures, produces or keeps in stock.
– It represents the central source for the material specific data.
– Integration of all material data in a single material database eliminates the problem of data redundancy and permits the data to be used      not only purchasing but other applications like inventory management, Material Planning & control, Invoice Verification etc.
– The data mentioned in the Material Master is for more than one organizational level
– How the information in the Material Master is organized in the Material Master Data Base?

Data at Client level (data is valid for whole company)

Ex: Material No, Short Text, Material Group, Base and Alternate Unit Of Measure.

Data at Plant level:

All the data that is valid with in the plant and for all storage locations in it store at plant level.

Ex: Purchasing data, MRP data, Forecasting data and work scheduling data

Data at Storage Location Level:

All the data that is valid for a particular storage location is stored at this level.

Ex: Storage bin Description, picking area etc.

Material Type:

Certain attributes of Material called Material Type or Grouping of materials with same basic attributes/characteristics.
Ex: Raw Materials, Semi finished or finished products.

Material Group:

Similar properties of material grouped together called Material Group (Or) grouping of materials according to their characteristics.

Material Class: Material Classification is for easy and fast retrieval of (material) data.

These core tutorials will help you to learn the fundamentals of Material Master Data in SAP MM.
 To gain in-depth knowledge and be on par with practical experience, 
then explore SAP MM Training.

Notes on Material Type:

1.Material Types are used for the following areas

– Profit Center Accounting – Valuation & A/c Assignment (Valuation Class)
– Product Cost Planning – Production, BOM and Routings
– SD (Availability Check)

2.Material Type determines which accounts are to be posted when a material is posted or leaves from the warehouse.

3. Together with plant the material type determines the materials Inventory Management Requirements like

– Whether changes in Quantity are updated in Material Master record
– Whether Changes in Values are updated in the Stock A/c in Financial Accounting.

4. Material Type Controls

 -Type of Number assignment
-Permitted Number range interval
-Which screens are to be displayed in which order?
-Which user department-specific data (view) is suggested for entry?
-Which procurement type is permitted for material i.e. whether the material is procured externally, in-house or both allowed.Etc.
-Which G/L accounts are to be updated?

Material Types in standard SAP:

1. ABF – Waste 11. FRIP – Perishable
2. COMP- Prod.. Alloc. Purchases                12. HALB – Semi-finished prod.
3. CONT – Kanban Container                         13. HAWA – Trading goods.
4. COUP – Coupons                                           14. HERS – Manufacturing Parts.
5. DIEN – Services                                             15. HIBE – Operating supplies
6. ERSA – Spare parts                                       16. IBAU – Maintenance Assy.
7. FERT – Finished Product                             17. INTR – Intra material.
8. FGTR – Drinks                                                18. KMAT – Configurable Mat.
9. FHMI – Prod. Resource/ tools                     19. KWFO – Own material.
10. FOOD – Food (excl: perishable)                 20. LEER – Empties.
21. LEIH – Returnable-Packaging                    31. UNBW – Non Valuated material
22. LGUT – empties (retail)                               32. VERP – Packing material
23. MODE – Apparel (seasonal)                       33. VKHM – Additionals
24. NLAG – Non Stock material                       34. VOLL – Full product
25. NOFI – Non-Foods                                       35. WERB – Product Catalog
26. PIPE – Pipeline material                             36. WERT – Value Only material
27. PLAN – Trading goods (planned)              37. WETT – Competitive product.
28. PROC – Process material
29. PROD – Product Group
30 ROH – Raw material


Material Views:

1. Basic Data1                  10. Quality management                               19. Forecasting
2. Basic Data2                 11. Warehouse Management1                       20. Accounting 1
3. Classification              12. Warehouse Management2                      21. Accounting 2
4. Purchasing Data        13. Plant / Storage 1                                        22. Costing 1
5. PO Text                        14. Plant / Storage 2                                       23. Costing 2
6. Sales1                           15. MRP 1                                                          24. Plant Data
7. Sales2                          16. MRP 2                                                          25. Storage Loc. Data
8. Sales3                          17. MRP 3                                                          26. Production Resources
9. Sales Order Text       18. MRP 4                                                           27. Work Schedule
28. Foreign Trade Import                                                                         29. Foreign Trade Export


IMG settings: Material Master

Define valuation level

SPRO->Enterprise Structure ->Definition -> Logistics – General

Define valuation level (OX14)

Define Output Format of Material Numbers

SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master ->Basic Settings

Define Output Format of Material Numbers (OMSL)

Maintain Company code at Material Management

SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master -> Basic Settings
Maintain Company Codes for Materials Management (OMSY)

Define Attributes of Material Types

SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master -> Basic Settings
Material Types-> Define Attributes of Material Types (OMS2)
– Qty and Value updating

Define Number Ranges for Each Material Type

SPRO->Logistics – General -> Material Master -> Basic Settings
Material Types-> Define No Ranges for Each Material Type (MMNR)

Define Material Groups

SPRO->Logistics – General ->Material Master -> Settings for Key Fields
Define Material Groups (OMSF)

Create Purchasing Groups

SPRO->Material Management -> Purchasing -> Material Master
Material Master Data in SAP MMCreate Purchasing Groups

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