Cursors in Teradata

Cursors

It is a stored memory area where the result set store, and we can navigate the result set we can read one by one row from result set]

Based on the operations there are 2 types of cursors

  1. Position cursor
  2. Non- position cursor

Position cursor

Position cursor are updatable cursor

Non – position cursor

Non – position cursor are read-only

Cursor Declaration

We can declare cursor

  1. INSIDE A Procedure[procedure cursor]
  2. INSIDE A MACRO[MACRO cursor]
  3. INSIDE A SELECT[SELECTMENT]

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Implicitly cursor

  1. By using dynamic SQL
  2. By using Embedded SQL etc

Cursor declaration is generally in two ways

For loop cursor

The scope of the cursor is within the for loop only

Declaration cursor

The scope of the cursor is between begin and END statement only

Cursor process

It is 5 steps process

  1. Declaring the cursor
  2. Opening the cursor
  3. Fetching the data from the cursor
  4. Working with rows of cursor
  5. Closing the cursor

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Cursor error codes

Ex: If cursor is not open, but we are trying to close the cursor at that time the SQL code is 7362

Example of procedure cursor

Create procedure SP3()

Begin

Declare var1 integer;

Declare var2 character(30);

Declare C1  cursor For

Select party id, party name from party ORDER By party id;

Open C1;

While(SQL Code=o)DO

Fetch C1 into var1, var2;

Insert into party1(Party id, party name) values(var1, var2);

End while

Close cd;

End;

Call SP3()

Select* From party1;

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