In addition to free SAP COPA Tutorials, we will cover common interview questions, issues and how to’s of SAP COPA.
SAP COPA is a sub module coming under CO module. PA stands for profitability analysis. As the name says this module acts as a strategic & finanicial reporting tool for analysisng the profitability based on different segements.
SAP CO ( Controlling ) is on the functional module and it provides you with information for management decision-making. It facilitates coordination, monitoring and optimization of all processes in an organization. This involves recording both the consumption of production factors and the services provided by an organization.
Controlling (CO) and Financial Accounting (FI) are independent components in the SAP system. The data flow between the two components takes place on a regular basis.
CO-PA allows to take in non SAP standard data by using External Data Transfer, but the major benefit of CO-PA is that it has close relation with the SAP SD module. SD profitability data is automatically sent forward and stored within the same system. In fact, SAP SD module without CO-PA Profitability Analysis is like air without oxygen. It is pointless using SAP without it.
CO-PA is especially important since it is the only module that shows financial figures which is appropriate in terms of cost-revenue perspective. For this reason, BW(BI) is taking data from CO-PA at many projects. BW(BI) consultants are sometimes setting up CO-PA without FI/CO consultants' knowing. CO-PA captures cost of goods sold (COGS) and revenue at billing (FI release) at the same time (cost-based CO-PA). This becomes important when there is timing difference between shipment and customer acceptance. COGS should not be recognized, but FI module automatically creates COGS entry at shipment, while revenue entry will not be created until billing (or FI release). Such case happens when for example customer will not accept payment unless they finish quality inspection, or for example when goods delivery takes months because goods are sent across by ocean etc..
[pdekyvere: It is especially delicate to customize the copa infosource to map to your specific operating concern.
-Fully allocated P&L by business segments
-Flexible and adaptive to current and future reporting needs
-Highly integrated with SD and FI and better traceability.
-Designed ‘Dual’ CO-PA (both account-based and cost-based CO-PA).
-Designed to meet all company specific reporting requirements.
-CO-PA reports with impressive performance and robust analytical functionality