SAP Solution Manager Interview Questions and Answers
1. Where do I find information on the Solution manager?
Ans. Solution manager is one more server apart from R/3 System
2. What is the solution manager?
Ans. It's a server - In the networking(Architect) language It like middleware or In Between all the SAP system or central unit in the SAP Landscape Architecture.
3. Does Solution manager come, If you install ECC5.0 or ECC6.0?
Ans. ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 and My Sap are the software bundles and Solution manager is a part of the Software Bundle
Yes, you need to install it separately apart from R/3 or ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 please - then you would understand or utility of the actual advantage of solution Manager, please.
4. What is the difference between ECC6.0 and ECC5.0?
Ans. They are different bundles of Software ( two different versions please )
ECC 6 is more advanced or latest - for latest configuration please check the SAP web site.
5. What authorisations are needed to work with SDCCN?
Ans. The following authorisations exist:
Profile (in Basis rel 40*-46D)
- S_SDCC_READN Read authorization
- S_SDCC_SERVN Collect and send data
- S_SDCC_ADM_N Admin authorization
Roles (as of Basis Release 6.10)
- SAP_SDCCN_DIS Read authorization
- SAP_SDCCN_EXE Collect and send data
- SAP_SDCCN_ALL Admin authorization
When assigning the roles for the first time please ensure that they contain the corresponding profile.
6. How to activate SDCCN?
Ans. If you have used the old transaction SDCC this must be deactivated prior to the activation of SDCCN.
To do this please delete any future background jobs connected with SDCC:
AUTO_SESSION_MANAGER, SESS* , SASM*
Then you can. locally activate SDCCN via 'Utilities -> Activate'.SDCCN in a satellite system can also be activated from a connected SAP Solution Manager system.
7. What is the minimum set up needed for SDCCN?
Ans. To ensure that SDCCN can continuously monitor your systems for sessions created in connected SAP Solution Manager systems as well as sessions ordered from SAP a number of prerequisites must be met.
SDCCN must be activated as described in the documentation.
After successful activation the customizing in Goto -> Settings -> Task-specific settings are filled with the SAP proposed default values.
In Goto -> Settings -> Task Processor you should see that the Task Processor job is 'active'.
Two tasks should have been created:
Service Preparation Check: This is an interactive Task which you can start by clicking on it. This leads you to RTCCTOOL, which gives you an overview of the tools and notes needed for the correct preparation of any service session. More information about RTCCTOOL is in note 69455. Note 91488 documents the various preparations for a service session. The Service Preparation Check is a periodic task, i.e when the original task has been executed, the next task of the same type is scheduled as per the customizing in the 'Task-specific settings'.
Maintenance package: The maintenance package is a periodic task, which should run every day. It consists of 3 'housekeeping' tasks, which each get executed when necessary. The frequency of the individual tasks is based on the customizing in the 'Task-specific settings'.
Session refresh: The session refresh which is triggered by a maintenance task checks all destinations known in the list of RFC destinations
(Goto -> Settings -> Task-specific settings -> RFC destinations)
Service definition refresh: The service definition refresh is also based on the above list of destinations. It uses either the destination for which the 'Master' flag has been set or if this flag has not been set, SDCC_OSS.
Delete data: This task is executed as per the customizing in the task-specific setting.
When the Task Processor is active, and Service Preparation Task and Maintenance Task have been created successfully, no further tasks are needed. For control purposes, individual tasks can be created, but these should generally be created with mode 'runs once'.
The old transaction SDCC should now be locked.
8. SDCCN is activated, but SDCC can still be called. How can SDCC be locked?
Ans. Most likely you have activated SDCCN when the system was on basis release 4.x, and then upgraded to basis release 6.x This has to do with the change of the namespace for the old SDCC , from /BDL/* on basis release 4.x to BDL*. When SDCCN was activated on 4.x SDCC was locked via table /BDL/CUST. In 6.x the relevant table is called BDLCUST and does not yet have the lock entry.
It must be created manually, with report BDLSETUP:
KEY = LOCKED
VALUE = X
Delete = unchecked
9. When trying to create a task in SDCCN an error message appears: ' No action possible '. Why can the task not be created?
Ans. SDCCN has not yet been initialised correctly, and so the customizing for the tasks has not been filled yet.
SDCCN can be initialised locally by following these steps:
Ensure that the task processor job is deactivated, via
SDCCN -> Goto -> Settings -> Task processor
Then initialise the tool via SDCCN ->Utilities -> Activate.
If the initialisation was successful you should get the following messages:
Local initialisation of new Service Data Control Center
Destination to SAP created
Service Data Control Manager tasks created
Task processor scheduled
10. A task in SDCCN appears 'active' in the 'To do' tab, but the corresponding background job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR* has been cancelled. The apparently 'active' task cannot be cancelled.
Ans. At the moment only a workaround can be offered:
Highlight the task -> right-click -> select 'Start now'.
The icon should change to 'match stick' while the task searches for a free background job. Now you must immediately delete the task (if you wait, the task will actually be re-started).
11. Testing a destination to SAP in SM59 returns error message " service 'sapdp99' unknown " or " error opening an RFC connection ". How can this be fixed?
Ans. The services file may not be maintained correctly. There are several options:
-Add the entry sapdp99 3299/tcp in the 'services' file of the customer system. This is usually:
UNIX: /etc/service , NT: system32driversetcservices. ( 3299 is the port number and TCP is the protocol)
This method should be preferred to option.
-Alternatively, you can change from 'sapdp99' to '3299' directly in the destination.
If this information is not sufficient to fix the problem please open a message in component XX-SER-NET.
12. In the log for the task 'Service Preparation Check', I find errors about a failed attempt to connect to SAP. What should be done?
Ans. Destination SAPNET_RTCC is used by RTCCTOOL, which executes the 'Service Preparation Check'.
SAPNET_RTCC gets created automatically when RTCCTOOL connect to OSS the first time.
After an update of SAPOSS via TA OSS1 SAPNET_RTCC does NOT get updated automatically. The easiest way to ensure it is updated correctly is to delete the destination and then to recreate it via:
SAPNET_RTCC: SE38 -> RTCCTOOL or executing a task 'Service Preparation Check'
13. A task was not processed at the time it was scheduled for. Why?
Ans. How close to the scheduled time a task can be processed depends on the frequency of the 'Task processor'. The Task processor can only process tasks in the past. If, for example, the Task processor is scheduled to run only once a day, at 21:14, all the tasks in the to do list, which is in the past, will be processed after 21:14. The sequence in which they are processed is determined by the time they are scheduled for; the task scheduled for the earliest time is processed first.
14. Job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR is cancelled. In SM37 the job log has entries similar to this:
Ans. Job started
Step 001 started (program /BDL/TASK_SCHEDULER, variant &0000000000000, user ID )
Variant &0000000000000 does not exist
15. How can this be resolved?
Ans. Deactivate and then reactivate /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR as follows:
Logon to the productive client.
SDCCN->GoTo->Settings->Task Processor->Change settings->Deactivate.
Enter Change Modus again -> Set Defaults->Activate.
16. What are the key features that are supported in SAP Solution Manager7.2?
Ans. New User Interfaces
New Release management
ITSM and Change Request Management
Adapt SAP HANA in your landscape
New Process Management
Enhanced Cloud Support
17. How can you open a Work Center home screen in Solution Manager?
Ans. To run Work Center home screen, use T-Code: SOLMAN_WORKCENTER
18. Is it possible to assign multiple roles to one user in Solution Manager?
Ans. In SAP Solman, there can be one user with one or more roles assigned.
In SAP Solman, You can have a role with one or more Work Centers assigned.
19. What are the different Project types you can implement in SAP Solman?
Ans. Implementation Project
20. When do you use Project type as Implementation project?
Ans. This is required when you need a project to implement business processes in an SAP landscape.
You can select an existing structure based on business processes or you can also create a new project structure as per the following points −
One or more user or partner templates
Based on an existing project
An existing solution landscape
21. What is the purpose of using Template Project?
Ans. This is used to create a template that defines the project structure or some part of your project. Templates can also be used in other projects using transporting the template. It is also possible to lock templates against the changes- either completely or partially when they are used in other projects.
22. What are the different components under the SAP Solution Manager Infrastructure?
Ans. SAP Solution manager consists of various infrastructure components- application management solution, and complete IT landscape. The solution discovers - technical monitoring and alerting infrastructure, system landscape information, integration of Solution Manager with SAP IT Infrastructure.
23. What is Landscape Management Database in SAP Solution Manager?
Ans. In SAP Solution Management infrastructure, you can use Landscape Management Database (LMDB) which is central landscape information repository and it uses the same information as the System Landscape Directory SLD to enter the system information.
24. How to launch a Guided Procedure environment in SAP Solution Manager?
Ans. Using Transaction code: GPA_ADMIN or from a work centre.
25. What is the purpose of using Test Management in SAP Solution Manager?
Ans. In SAP Solution Manager, you can perform the test management process centrally and execute tests for cross-system business processes.
26. What is the purpose of using IT Task Management?
Ans. This allows you to plan IT tasks and visualize plan task in task inbox for processes. You can execute these tasks from task inbox.
27. What is the use of IT Task Planning User?
Ans. This user is required to perform single or periodic operation activities and to check the status of all the activities using GP log book.
28. What are the roles assigned to the IT Task Planning user?
Ans. Required roles under IT Task Planning −
29. How can one disable the “Import All” button on STMS for the queues?
Ans. Login to your Transport Domain Controller. Run STMS->Overview->System.
Choose the System you want to disable import all. Go to Transport Tool tab.
Add/Create Parameter “NO_IMPORT_ALL” set its value to 1.
30. What are the different work processes in R/3?
Ans. Dialog (D), Update (U), Enqueue (E), Background(B), and Spool(S).
31. Why can web help be considered easier to install than CHM, the standard delivered SAP help?
Ans. Web help is easier than trying to get every remote user connected to a network share. If you don’t want to use SAP’s help site, you can set up your own website to do it. The best route depends on your business’ network structure.
32. We want to install another new instance on the same development box. Is this possible? What are some of the important considerations?
Ans. Yes, it is possible to have more than one instance on a single box. The key is
to use a different SID and a different system number
It is also important to note that for a 64 bit
SAP kernel, SAP recommends a 20 GB swap space for 1st instance and 10 GB per each Additional instance.
33. Define the purpose of table USR02?
Ans. This table stores User IDs and passwords.
34. How do you create a password exception list?
Ans. Place the answers in table USR40
35. Define the purpose of table TADIR?
Ans. Table TADIR contains object directory entries
36. Define the purpose of table TDEVC?
Ans. Table TDEVC contains development classes and packages.
37. What is the transaction codes associated with changing requests, request headers, or request object lists?
Ans. The following tables hold information about change requests.
E070 Change request headers
E071 Change request object lists
38. How can you find a list of objects that have been repaired in the system?
Ans. ADIRACCESS List of repaired objects and their access keys
39. How do you Disable Multiple Logins in the same Client?
Ans. To disable multiple user logins within the same client implement this parameter in the instance profile:
login/disable_multi_gui_login = 1
If you do not use this parameter in your system, users have the ability to ignore the warning window at the time they try to login to the same client.
Activating this parameter in your system will make you look good if you get audited!
40. How about exceptional logins?
Ans. In case you’re wondering how to allow multiple logins for certain key users you can implement parameter
You can list the user IDs that should be ignored if the parameter above is active in your system.
41. What is the difference between TP and R3TRANS?
Ans. TP controls the process and calls several tools, like r3trans but also e.g. DDIC-Activation.
42. Is it possible to install ECC 5.0 as a test system and not production, without installing a solution manager?
Ans. During the installation, you will be asked for a key, which can only be generated by the solution manager.
43. Is there a way to perform SAPGUI 640 roll out using a centralized server?
Ans. Look for SAP ADMIN and SAPSETUP on the installation CD. Then, use a utility such as Microsoft’s SMS to distribute this program or use a login script to call the SAPSETUP program.
44. If SAP console telnet screen size is too big how do you make it smaller?
Ans. Go to the control panel, and then to the SAP console administrator and general tab.
45. Is there a way to find out what was entered in a particular transaction code screen?
Ans. No, but you can analyse tables associated with the transaction code and see if there is a username field that traces what this user has done.