SAP BPC Interview Questions

What is BPC?

 BPC stands for Business Planning and Consolidation.  BPC is used for both Planning and Consolidations, unlike IP, which is used for only planning.

When BPC 7.5 NW is available?

The 7.5 version is currently in the ramp-up stage and should be available in few months. I am not sure of the exact month.

SAP BPC NetWeaver

BPC MS

BPC for NW has an aggregation level or not, Is BPC an application on top SAP-IP?

BPC and IP have completely different architecture. BPC doesn’t use aggregation levels or filters. BPC and IP have no relation and thus, cannot be compared. BPC uses various script logics, business rules for doing the planning. Manual planning can be done with input schedules. The input schedules are on excel platform and are quite versatile. You can use BPC functionalities along with native excel functionalities for better design of the input schedules.

What about BPC in consolidation part?

BPC comes with pre-delivered components for consolidation, which can be leveraged on. There are few business rules, which make the consolidation process easier.

What is the concept for plan data from BPC?

The concept of planning is the same as you have in any other tool. The functional side of the planning remains the same. However, the tool differs. The way you configure a planning scenario will be much different than any other planning tool. Unfortunately, it will not be feasible to address this in the forum. You can definitely go through the study materials for a better understanding.

BPC for NW need to install .NET application server and Web server or not?

Yes. You can have a look at the installation guide available on marketplace for detailed requirements.

Star Schema for Exceptional Reporting − SAP BPC uses NW InfoCubes to store the data. The dimension model used is extended Star Schema so it makes BPC with NW system an exceptional system for reporting.

No Database Dependence Version − BPC NW version is not dependent on database version and can run common databases like DB2, Oracle, SQL Server, etc.

BW Accelerator Support − SAP NetWeaver BW accelerator tool is an additional feature that can be used to enhance the performance of reporting in the system even if you are using large datasets. It indirectly helps in saving the cost for a company as less number of report performance issues are reported.

BAdI Development and ABAP Support − SAP BPC with NetWeaver allows you to use ABAP programming to develop K2 script logic. It enables to create business add-in BAdi interface in the back-end system, which can be called later from script logic developed in BPC system. It helps in solving the complex business requirements and reducing the development time for an organization.

What is BPC client tool? And If I planning on BEx report, I have to create an aggregation level for planning data or not?

BPC client sits on the client machines, from where; you will be doing the design. There are mainly 3 interfaces available – BPC Admin, BPC Office, and BPC Web. BPC Office, in turn has 3 interfaces – Excel, Word, PowerPoint. These interfaces can be used for various requirements.

Can you debug the data manager package?

UJD_TEST_PACKAGE .You must specify the User ID .The DM package can be selected with F4 .

What are scoping commands?

The following keywords can be used to modify the scope: *XDIM_MEMBERSET Overwrites the scope for that dimension *XDIM_ADDMEMBERSET Add members to the scope of that dimension *XDIM_FILTER Filters the members of the scope of that dimension *XDIM_MAXMEMBERS Specifies the maximum number of members that should be included in one query (per dimension)

Dimension Logic − This can be configured in BPC system using simple mathematical formulas.

Business Rules − This allows you to create rules in BPC system to perform specific functions.

K2 Script Logic − This is used to perform some specific functions which can’t be achieved using out-of-box functionality to meet the business requirements. You can create K2 script logics to perform certain functions, which can be performed in a standard system.

What are system variables?

%USER% – Returns current SAP Business Objects Planning and Consolidation User %APPSET% – Returns current SAP Businessobjects Planning and Consolidation AppSet (Application Set) %APPLICATION% – Returns current SAP Businessobjects Planning and Consolidation Application %YEAR% – Returns current calendar year.

What is the difference between EVGTS and EVANS ?

EVGTS: The EVGTS (Get value and scale) function retrieves a data value based on the specified members, and scales the value if the scale property is enabled on the dimension. The report templates provided in the sample application set have a scale reference in the Control Panel area of the template.

EVSND: EVANS This Send function references another cell and sends its value to the database when you select Send and Refresh Schedules. The parameters specify the dimensions that identify where the data value is to be sent in the database. EVSND returns the value from the database to the referenced cell. You do not need to add any EVGET functions to the sheet to return values to the cell. Since the values are returned to the referenced cell, BPC sends only the cells that have changed since the last send in the current session. By putting the formula in the EVANS cell and not in the input cells, you decrease the chances of your formulas getting overwritten or erased. To further protect the formulas, you may want to hide the EVSND cells in the input schedule. This function takes members that not specified from the current view settings.

What is the difference between DRILLDOWN and DRILL THROUGH?

Drill down is different than drill through. Drill down is used to drill down on member data within dimensions. You can drill down on members in a worksheet, or you can drill down on charts and graphs. Drill down is conducted within one report in the Excel interface whereas drill through is a ‘jump’ outside of the Excel Interface.

What are the options of DRILL THROUGH ?

Jump to any website Jump to a BW query Jump to ECC tcode.

What steps are in processing a dimension?

Processing a dimension will execute the following steps:

-Validate Hierarchy.

-Validate Dimension member formulas.

-Update member data into BW.

-BW Attribute change run.

What fields will be in Distribution Template?

A Distribution Template may contain the following fields:

-BOOK: the title of your distributed book.

-SECTION: denotes the beginning of a section.

-REPNAME: report filename, location and title (can also be for Input Schedules).

-FIXKEY: sets dimension members to the fixed values when generating the report. For example, you can ensure that a report runs for 2008.TOTAL and ACTUAL.

-VARKEYS: lists the dimensions and dimension members that should vary for each report that will get created.

For example, if you want to create a new offline report for each Entity/Cost Center/etc, you would specify that dimension as a Very Key.

Requirement − SAP NetWeaver ABAP 7.3 or 7.31

Database − Any of the above version of SAP NetWeaver support.

Operating System − Any supported version of SAP NetWeaver system and database engine.

This layer is responsible to store all the data in database. SAP NW back-end system is responsible to create objects and data stored for BPC system. NetWeaver supports most of the databases like SQL Server, DB2, Oracle, and many more.

To meet the Business Planning and Consolidation requirement of an organization, you need to build a model in an environment, which is defined as a collection of several dimensions.

Logic Scripts is defined as a set of SQL or MDX programming structure to perform some customized functions for flexibility and manage data models. When some specific requirements are not achieved using business rules, those can be met by the use of Logic Scripts.

C_Acct (A) − For maintaining charts of account.

C_Category (C) − To define category.

Groups (R) − Like GROUP A (USD), GROUP B (EUR), and GROUP C (RMB).

Entity (E) − It contains the business unit used to derive process.

C_Datasrc (D) − Data Source Dimension.

IntCo (I) − It determines the level of the entity hierarchy at which level the elimination needs to be performed.

Time (T) − Time in all dimensions.

Flow (S) − To keep track of movements in Consolidation.

R_Acct (A) is used for maintaining different types of Rate.

-Standard Model

-Embedded Model

Embedded model is different from Standard model and includes data access to all community users. For Embedded design model, initial versions used were SAP BW Integrated Planning and Planning Application Kit i.e. BW-IP and PAK.

In Standard model, BPC environment contains the BPC applications or models and each model generates a BW InfoCube which is hidden.

Transformation file provides the mapping of fields from BW to BPC and is an excel file in BPC. It contains transaction data from InfoObjects in BW with BPC dimensions defined in the administration console.

There are three sections defined for mapping file −

Options − Contains the general settings.

Mapping − Used to assign dimension in BPC system with a source column in BW InfoObject.

Conversion − Contains the link of other Excel sheets to apply the conversion routine.

A conversion file is used to apply the conversion rules for BPC dimension and is an Excel file. It contains three sections −

 -External − Contains the value from external source.

 -Internal − Contains the value it should be having for BPC dimension.

-Formula − Defines the conversion formula applied to each record.

-Using Default Templates

-EvDRE Builder

-Drag and Drop Interface

-Blank workbook

Have you used any default templates in BPC for reporting purpose? Name few of the default templates?

totals by AccountThis custom report contains Account dimension with subtotals in rows and any dimension across in columns.
VarianceThis custom report contains any dimension in rows and categories comparison in columns. It also features Variances calculation (both amount and percentage). With both YTD and Periodic boxes.
ConsolidatingThis custom report contains any dimension in rows and Entity type members across in columns with hierarchy.
Comparative XThis custom report contains any dimension in rows and categories comparison in columns and also retrieves the Last Year same period data. With both YTD and Periodic boxes.
Comparison with 3 -yearYear over Year comparison.
Drill in PlaceThis template performs drill in place.
NestedThis allows any two dimension to be nested in a row and a third dimension in column.
Sort on valueThis template performs the sort on total value.
Drill DimensionThis allows to use drill in one dimension to other.

Go to EPM Ribbon → More → EvDRE Migration.

To define member dimension formula, you have to put a Square bracket around the dimension and there is dot between two.

[PRODUCT].[PRODUCT1] – [PRODUCT].[PRODUCT2]

[SALES].[SALES1] / [SALES].[SALES2]

Standard Arithmetic functions have to be used in dimension formula – addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/) – are used in SAP NetWeaver.

Simple Conversion

-There should be a Rate application where you store the exchange rates.

-You should have an account dimension, which includes RATETYPE.

-Entity dimension should include a property CURRENCY.

-FXTRANS logic should be available and DEFAULT logic should include a call to FXTRANS logic.

-Entity dimension should include the property TRANSALATE_TO.

Complex Conversion

-There should be a Rate application where you store the exchange rates.

-Application should contain a CURRENCY type dimension.

-There should be property REPORTING for the CURRENCY dimension.

-Entity dimension must include the property CURRENCY.

-Account dimension must include property RATETYPE.

-FXTRANS logic should be available.

-DEFAULT logic should include a call to FXTRANS logic.

Work status is used to lock a region of data in a model. This is used to override the user’s member access privilege to write to a particular region.

There are multiple dimensions defined for a region with one property called as OWNER. While defining the work status, following are defined −

Work States − It belongs to physical state of data.

Security − You can set different levels of security on changing data in the system –All or Locked. You can set who can change the work state − Manager or Owner.

Data Update − This defines how data will be updated by the customer.

Push − This option is used to push the same work state for all the children of a member.

Audit functions allow you to create reports that contains history of user sessions and system information.

You can create Audit reports on the following topics −

Business Process Flows − You can create these reports in BPF.

-Standard

-Step

-Audit

Security − You can create these reports in Security.

-User

-Team

-Task Profiles

-Data Access Profiles

-BPF

General − You can create these reports under general.

-Work Status

-Administration Activities

-Comments

-Data Changes

Custom menu content is defined by two sections in custom menu template – Default section and Menu item section.

ParametersOptions
NORMALSCREENValue is True − It opens the custom menu in Excel interface.

Value is False − It opens the custom menu in Standard Excel.

HIDEEVTOOLBARSIf Value is True − It will hide the Planning and Consolidation Toolbar.

If Value is False − It will display the Planning and Consolidation Toolbar.

CVLISTIt is used to define the dimensions that has to be displayed on the top of custom menu page. These dimensions can be changed into the report mentioned in Custom menu.

Menu Item section includes the following parameters −

    -Menu Item − Text description that the user can select for the menu item.

    -Actions − Highlight, custom menu function or menu command.

    -Level − Level can be selected from section, item or sub item.

   -Parameters − For custom menu functions.

   -Normal Screen − Default is full screen. This is set to true, open custom menu in normal screen.

   -CV Override − This is used to change current view dimensions while switching applications

We use reporting models for analysis purpose. Non Reporting modules include Driver and Rates model and are used for currency rates, price, ownership data, etc.

Types of Reporting Models −

-Consolidation

-Finance

-Generic

Types of Non Reporting Models −

-Rate

-Ownership

To perform currency conversion and intercompany eliminations, you need a dimension type – Intercompany dimension (I). To execute intercompany elimination, an application should have the following −

-Dimension Type “I” for intercompany elimination.

-Dimension “I” should include a property ENTITY.

-Account dimension should include the property ELIMACC.

-Entity dimension should include the property ELIM.

-You should set the appropriate business tables.

-There should be DPT package to execute intercompany logic should be available.

DimensionPropertyLengthContent
AccountELIMACC20Valid account
EntityELIM1 charIt contains ‘Y’ or blank
InterCompanyEntity20Entity Id w.r.t Intercompany member
CurrencyReporting1‘Y’ or blank

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