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Installation (OS & APPS)

 Installation (OS & APPS)
1. Operating System Installation
2. Pre-Installation Tasks
3. OS User and Group Creation
4. Setting up Stage
5. Oracle Applications 11i Installation (Linux)
6. Oracle Applications R12 Installation (Linux)
7. Oracle Applications Installation (Windows) 

1. Operating System Installation

1.1. Insert the first bootable CD and reboot the machine.

 

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1.2. Press ENTER key from the keyboard.

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1.3. I f you are not sure about your media then better to select OK and the media verification will be started which will ask you to enter all CD’s one by one. I f media is tested then TAB to Skip and press ENTER.

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1.4. No action required on this screen.

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1.5. Click on Next (button).

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1.6. Click on Next (button).

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1.7. Click on Next (button).

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1.8. Select Manually partition with Disk Druid and click on Next (button).

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1.9. As I have used VMWARE to get these installation screens so there is an NTFS hard disk which in your case will not appear. Select Free and click on Next (button).

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1.10. Select /boot as Mount Point and enter 500 MB as size, ext3 as File System Type while keeping Fixed size and click on OK (button).

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1.11. Select swap in the File System Type and 2000 MB in Size and Fixed size then click on OK (button).

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1.12. Select / in Mount Point, ext3 as File System Type and click on Fill to maximum allowable size and click on OK (button).

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1.13. Verify the sized and after verification click on Next (button).

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1.14. Click on Next (button).

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1.15. Click on Edit (button).

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1.16. Uncheck Configure using DHCP.
1.17. Keep check Activate on boot and enter IP Address and Netmask. I f your machine is not on network then enter as above otherwise ask your network administrator to provided you IP address so you can enter here.
1.18. Click on OK (button).

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1.19. Click manually under Hostname and enter the host and domain name.
1.20. I f your machine is on network then ask your Network Administrator to provide you Gateway and Primary DNS information.

1.21. Click on Next (button).

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1.22. Select No firewall and click on Next (button).

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1.23. Click on Proceed (button).

 

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1.24. Click on Next (button).

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1.25. Select your time zone and click on Next (button).

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1.26. Enter root password but don’t forget, better to note it and click on Next (button).

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1.27. Select Customize software packages to be installed and click on Proceed (button).

Note: I t is recommended to install All packages so we have selected Customize software packages to be installed in the above step. I f there is any space limitation then you may go with Install default software packages but later you will have to install required packages manually.
Select the following packages to install manually as by default these would not be installed. If you will select complete installation then these packages would be installed automatically.
—–> Legacy Software Development package
—->X Software Development package

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1.28. Scroll down to the bottom.

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1.29. Select Everything for full installation.

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1.30. Click on Next (button).

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1.31. Click on Continue (button) and the installation will be started.

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1.32. Insert CD’s as prompted and click on OK (button).

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1.33. Installation is complete so remove any CD from the drive and click on Reboot (button).

<<<<————————————****——————————————->>>>

2. Pre Installation Tasks

If you installed with default packages instead of everything then you will have to install few required packages manually.

2.1. Select these packages from the Package Group Selection screen. I f the operating system is already installed, use System Settings > Add/Remove Applications to install these two
packages.
The following required components must be installed manually:
—>openmotif21-2.1.30-11.RHEL4.4
—>libaio-0.3.102-1
—>libaio-devel-0.3.102-1
The libaio components are available on Disk 3 of the RHEL4.0 media. For information on downloading the openmotif component, see the instructions at the following URL:

2.2. Apply one of these OS library patches: 4198954 (for Red Hat 4.0), you can download it from metalink.
2.3. After installing these patches, run ldconfig -v.

2.4. Release 11i
Hardware Requirements (minimum)
–>Server machine P4
–> DVD
–>RAM Minimum 1GB
–>Hard Disk Space

Note: To get the spaces command $ du –h /Stage11i is used.

–>A Note book and a writing pen
–>UPS (to avoid a power failure during installation).

Software Requirements

–>Oracle Application 11.5.10.2
–>Linux Redhat AS 4 32bit.
–>Metalink Access
–>Oracle Metalink Reference document # 287453.1

2.4.1. Verify minimum Kernel Requirements with uname and rpm command,

[ root@vision ~ ]# uname -r 2.6.9-5.ELsmp
[ root@vision ~ ]# rpm -q glibc glibc-2.3.4-2

Note: The above displayed information is as per recommendations.

 

2.4.2. Domain Name System (DNS) Resolver Parameters

2.4.3. Edit the following file /etc/ resolv.conf and set the following parameters as below,
–>options attempts:5
–>options timeout:15

2.4.4. The format of hosts /etc/hosts file must be formatted as follows :
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain
< ip_address> < node_name> .< domain_name>

2.4.5. Verify that the /etc/ sysconfig/network file is formatted as follows :
HOSTNAME= < node_name> .< domain_name>

2.4.6. I f the /etc/ sysconfig/networking/profiles/default/network file exists, remove it.

Note: I f you changed any files in the previous steps, reboot the system.

2.4.7. Modify number of open descriptors: in file /etc/ security/ limits.conf add the following lines:
—->* hard nofile 65535
—->* soft nofile 4096

Note: The following warning will appear in the alert log file if these above settings will not be effective. Make sure that each line must have “* ” .

WARNING:Oracle instance running on a system with low open file descriptor
limit. Tune your system to increase this limit to avoid severe performance degradation.

2.4.8. Change port range value : /etc/ sysctl.config add the following line,
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
2.4.9. Set LD_ASSUME_KERNEL in file /etc/profile
LD_ASSUME_KERNEL= 2.4.19
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL

2.4.10. Java 2 Standard Edition (J2SE), Rapid Install installs the Java 2 Standard
Edition 1.4.2 automatically.

 

2.5. Release 12
2.5.1. Verify minimum Kernel Requirements with uname and it should be 2.6.9-42.ELsmp.

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2.5.2. Edit the /etc/ sysctl.conf file using vi command.
2.5.3. The file before change will look like the following,

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2.5.4. Open the file using following command,
——$ vi /etc/ sysctl.conf
2.5.5. Insert the following values,

Parameter Value
kernel.semmsl 256
kernel.semmns 32000
kernel.semopm 100
kernel.semmni 142
kernel.shmall 2097152
kernel.shmmax Half the size of the physical memory(In bytes), and atleast 2147483648
kernel.shmmni 4096
kernel.msgmax 8192
kernel.msgmnb 65535
kernel.msgmni 2878
fs.file-max 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default 262144
net.core.rmem_max 262144
net.core.wmem_default 262144
net.core.wmem_max 262144

 

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2.5.6. Save and exit with wq.
2.5.7. Edit the following file /etc/ resolv.conf and set the following parameters as below,
—->options attempts:5
—->options timeout:15
2.5.8. The format of hosts /etc/hosts file must be formatted as follows :
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain
< ip_address> < node_name> .< domain_name>
—–> 192.168.0.1 vision.erpstuff.com
2.5.9. Verify that the /etc/ sysconfig/network file is formatted as follows :
—->HOSTNAME= < node_name> .< domain_name>
—->HOSTNAME= vision.erpstuff.com
2.5.10. I f the /etc/ sysconfig/networking/profiles/default/network file exists, remove it.
Note: I f you changed any files in the previous steps, reboot the system.
2.5.11. Modify number of open descriptors: in file /etc/ security/ limits.conf add the
following lines:
—>* hard nofile 65535
—>* soft nofile 4096

—>* hard nproc 16384
—>* soft nproc 2047
Note: The following warning will appear in the alert log file if these above settings will not be effective. Make sure that each line must have “* ” .
WARNING:Oracle instance running on a system with low open file descriptor
limit. Tune your system to increase this limit to avoid severe performance degradation.

 

<<<<————————————****——————————————->>>>
3. OS User and Group Creation
3.1. Create a user named oracle and two groups named dba and oinstall.

$ groupadd dba$ groupadd oinstall

$ useradd -G dba -g oinstall oracle

$ passwd oracle

$ id oracle

uid= 500(oracle) gid= 502(oinstall) groups= 502(oinstall),503(dba)

$ chown -R oracle:oinstall /d01

The steps are demonstrated in the following slide.

 

<<<<————————————****——————————————->>>>

4. Setting up Stage
4.1. Release 11i
4.1.1. Staging is to copy all the contents of DVD’s on the hard disk as the following
directory structure. Don’t worry in earlier releases it was manual but now all is
automated. Just you need to run a perl script and rest will be managed by the script.

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The DVD’s are labeled as below,
—>Start Here – Disk 1
—>APPL_TOP – Disk n
—>RDBMS – Disk n
—>Tools – Disk n
—>Databases – Disk n
4.1.2. Now we will use adautostg.pl to create stage and please resolve any issue if the
script prompts for any.
4.1.3. Login as OS user “oracle” with privileges to mount, unmount and eject the DVD. The must also have write privileges to the stage area.
4.1.4. Insert the first DVD named Start Here in DVD-ROM drive and mount the DVD if not auto mounted.
4.1.5. To verify perl version and to confirm if it is in the PATH, perl –v
The version should be 5.0053 or higher else download from perl.com and install it.

 

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4.1.6. Run adautostg.pl script from the mounted DVD,
4.1.7. $ perl /media/ cdrom/Disk1/ rapidwiz/adautostg.pl

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4.1.8. Provide the top-level directory on the prompt like /d01 and the script will create a directory Stage11i in the directory automatically and will create all other folders in this directory as the structure shown in the above figure. So the directory will look like /d01/Stage11i.

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4.1.9. Enter folder and press enter key.

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4.1.10. The next prompt is for AutoMount so press y or enter key to accept default.
4.1.11. Enter DVD mount point which in my case is /media/ cdrom.
4.1.12. Enter 1 or press enter key to take the default which is also 1 to stage Oracle
Applications.

4.1.13. Insert the DVD one by one as the script will prompt.
Note: Good thing is that script will maintain a log so if copying is aborted due to any reason so next time you can resume from the same stage.
4.2. Release 12
The staging steps are similar to the 11i.

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4.2.1. Insert the first DVD labeled Start Here – Disk 1 DVD.
4.2.2. Now run adautostg.pl using perl.
$ /media/ cdrom/Disk1/ rapidwiz/perl adautostg.pl
4.2.3. Provide the target directory name like /d01.
4.2.4. Press enter key to accept default y to AutoMount.
4.2.5. Enter the mount point like in my case it is, /media/ cdrom
4.2.6. Select 1 to stage Oracle Applications.
4.2.7. Insert DVD as prompted.

 

Summary
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Installation (OS & APPS)
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