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Event Handling in jQuery

20 September, 2018

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jQuery Events Handling

We have the ability to create dynamic web pages by using events. Events are actions that can be detected by your web application. Following are the examples events : A mouse click A Web page loading Taking mouse over an element Submitting an HTML form A keystroke on your keyboard When these events are triggered you can then use a custom function to do pretty much whatever you want with the event. These custom functions call Event Handlers.

Binding Event Handlers

Using the jQuery Event Model, we can establish event handlers on DOM elements with the bind() method as follows: $(‘div’).bind(‘click’,function(event) { alert(‘Hi there!’); }); This code will cause the division element to respond to the click event; when a user clicks inside this division thereafter, the alert will be shown. The full syntax of the bind() command is as follows: selector.bind(evenType[, evenData], handler) Following is the description of the parameters: EvenType A string containing a JavaScript event type, such as click or submit. Refer to the next section for a complete list of event types. EventData This is optional parameter is a map of data that will be passed to the event handler. Handler A function to execute each time the event is triggered.  

Removing Event Handlers

Typically, once an event handler is established, it remains in effect for the remainder of the life of the page. There may be a need when you would like to remove event handler. jQuery provides the unbind() command to remove an existing event handler. The syntax of unbind() is as follows : selector.unbind(eventType, handler) or selector.unbind(eventType)   Following is the description of the parameters eventType: 

  • A string containing a JavaScript listener that.s to be removed.

 

Event Types

The following are cross platform and recommended event types which you can bind using jQuery

Event Type                         Description
blur Occurs when the element loses focus
change Occurs when the element changes
click Occurs when a mouse click
dbclick occurs when a mouse double-click
error Occurs when there is an error in loading or unloading etc.
focus Occurs when the element gets focus.
keydown Occurs when key is pressed
keypress Occurs when key is pressed and released.
keyup Occurs when key is released
load Occurs when document is loaded
mousedown Occurs when mouse button is pressed
mouseenter Occurs when mouse enters in an element region
mouseleave Occurs when mouse leaves an element region
mousemove Occurs when mouse pointer moves
mouseout Occurs when mouse pointer moves out of an element
mouseover Occurs when mouse pointer moves over an element
mouseup Occurs when mouse button is released
resize Occurs when window is resized
scroll Occurs when window is scrolled
select occurs when a text is selected
submit Occurs when form is submitted
unload Occurs when documents is unloaded

    The Event Object The callback function takes a single parameter, when the handler is called the JavaScript event object will be passed through it. The event object is often unnecessary and the parameter is omitted, as sufficient context is usually available when the handler is bound to know exactly what needs to be done when the handler is triggered. However there are certail attributes which you would need to be accessed.   The Event Attributes The following event properties/attributes are available and safe to access in a platform independent manner.

Property                             Description
altkey Set to true if the Alt key was pressed when the event was triggered, false if not. The Alt key is labeled option on most Mac keyboards.
ctrlKey Set to true if the ctrl key was pressed when the event was triggered, false if not.
data The value, if any, passed as the second parameter to the blind() command when the handler was established.
keycode For keyup and keydown events, this returns the key that was pressed.
metakey Set to true if the Meta key was pressed when the event was triggered, false if not. The Meta key is the ctrl key on PCs and the command key on Macs.
pageX For mouse events, specifies the horizontal coordinate of the event relative for the page origin
pageY For mouse events, specifies the vertical coordinate of the event relative from the page origin.
relatedTarget For some mouse events, identifies the element that the cursor left or entered when the event was triggered.
screen For mouse events, specifies the horizontal coordinate of the event relative from the screen origin.
screen Y For mouse events, specifies the vertical coordinate of the event relative from the screen origin
shiftkey set to true if the shift key was pressed when the event was triggered , false if not.
target Identifies the elment for which the event was triggered.
timestamp The timestamp(in milliseconds) when the event was created.
type For all events, specifies the type of event that was triggered(for example,click)
which For keyboard events, specifies the numeric code for the key that caused the event, and for mouse event, specifies which button was pressed (1 for left,2 for middle, 3 for right)

  Event Helper Methods jQuery also provides a set of event helper functions which can be used either to trigger an event to bind any event types mentioned above.   Trigger Methods Following is an example which would triggers the blur event on all paragraphs: $(“p”).blur();  

Binding Methods in jQuery

Following is an example which would bind a click event on all the <div>: $(“div”).click(function()) { // do something here {); Here is a complete list of all the support methods provided by jQuery  

Method Description
blur() Triggers the blur event of each matched element.
blur(fn) Bind a function to the blur event of each matched element.
change() Triggers the change event of each matched element.
change(fn) Binds a function to the change event of each matched element.
click() Triggers the click event of each matched element.
click(fn) Binds a function to the click event of each matched element.
dbclick() Triggers the dbclick event of each matched element.
error() Triggers the error event of each matched element.
error(fn) Binds a function to the error event of each matched element.
focus() Triggers the focus event of each matched element.
focus(fn) Binds a function to the focus event of each of each matched element
keydown() Triggers the keydown event of each matched element.
keydown(fn) Bind a function to the keydown event of each matched element.
Keypress() Triggers the keypress event of each matched element.
keypress(fn) Binds a function to the keypress event of each matched element.
keyup() Triggers the keyup event of each matched element.
keyup(fn) Bind a function to the keyup event of each matched element.
load(fn) Binds a function to the load event of each matched element.
mouseenter(fn) Bind a function to the mouseenter event of each matched element.
mouseleave(fn) Bind a function to the mouseleave event of each matched element.
mousemove(fn) Bind a function to the mousemove event of each matched element.
mouseout(fn) Bind a function to the mouseout event of each matched element
mouseover(fn) Bind a function to the mouseover event of each matched element.
mouseup(fn) Bind a function to the mouseup event of each matched element.
resize(fn) Bind a function to the resize event of each matched element.
scroll(fn) Bind a function to the scroll event of each matched element.
select() Trigger the select event of each matched element
select(fn) Bind a function to the select event of each matched element.
submit() Trigger the submit event of each matched element.
submit(fn) Bind a function to the submit event of each matched element
unload(fn) Binds a function to the unload event of each matched element.

 

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