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CSS Lists Properties

CSS Lists

Lists are very helpful in conveying a set of either numbered or bulleted points. This tutorial teaches you how to control list type, position, style etc. using CSS

There are following five CSS properties which can be used to control lists:

The list-style-type Allows you to control the shape or appearance of the marker.

The list-style-position specifies whether a long point that wraps to a second line should align with the first line or start underneath the start of the marker.

The list-style-image specifies an image for the marker rather than a bullet point or number.

The list-style serves as shorthand for the preceding properties.

The marker-offset specifies the distance between a marker and the text in the list.

Now we will see how to use these properties with examples.

 

The list-style-type Property

The list-style-type properly allows you to control the shape or style of bullet point (also known as a marker) in the case of unordered lists, and the style of numbering characters in ordered lists.

Here are the values which can be used for an unordered list :

ValueDescription
NoneNA
Disc(default)A filled-in circle
CircleAn empty circle
SquareA filled in square

Here are the values which can be used for an ordered list:

   ValueDescriptionExample
DecimalNumber1,2,3,4,5
Decimal-leading-Zero0 before the number01,02,03,04,05
Lower-alphaLowercase alphanumeric charactersa,b,c,d,e
Upper-alphaUppercase alphanumeric charactersA,B,C,D,E
lower-romanLowercase Roman numeralsi,ii,iii,iv,v
uppercase-romanUppercase roman numeralsi,ii,iii,iv,v
lower-greekThe marker is lower-greekalpha,beta,gamma
lower-latinThe marker is lower-latina,b,c,d,e
upper-latinThe marker is upper-latinA,B,C,D,E
HebrewThe marker is traditional Hebrew numbering
ArmenianThe marker is traditional Armenian numbering
GeogrianThe marker is traditional Georgian numbering
cjk-ideographicThe marker is plain ideographic numbers
hiraganaThe marker is hiraganaa,i,u,e,o,ka,ki
KatakanaThe marker is katakanaA,I,U,E,O,KA,XI
hiragana-irohaThe marker is hiragana-irohai,ro,ni,ho,he,to
katakana-irohaThe marker is katakana-irohaI,RO,HA,NI,HA,HE,TO

 

Here is the example:

<ul style=”list-style-type:circle;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social science</li>

<li>physics</li>

</ul>

<ul style=”list-style-type:square;”

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ul>

<ol style=”list-style-type:decimal;”>

<li> maths</li>

<li>Social Science<li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

<ol style=”list-style-type:lower-alpha;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

<ol syle=”list-style-type:lower-roman;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

 

The list style position property

The list-style-position property indicates whether the marker should inside or outside of the box containing the bullet points. It can have one the two values

ValueDescription
NoneNA
InsideIf the text goes onto a second line, the text will wrap underneath the marker. It will also appear indented to where the text would have started if the list had a value oof outside.
OutsideIf the text goes onto a second line, the text will be alighned with the start of the first line(to the right of the bullet)

 

Here is the example

<ul style=”list-style-type:circle;” list-style-position:outside;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ul>

<ul style=”list-style-type:square;list-style-position:inside;”>

<li> Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ul>

<ol style=”list-style-type:decimal;list-style-position:cutside;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

<ol style=”list-style-type:lower-alpha;list-style-position:inside;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

 

CSS list-style-image property

The list-style-image allows you to specify an image so that can your own bullet style. The syntax is as follows, similar to the background-image property with the letters ril starting the value of the property followed by the URL in brackets. If it does not find given image then default bullets are used.

Here is the example

<ul>

<li style=”list-style-image : url(/images/bullet.gif;)”> Maths</li>

<li>Social science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ul>

<ol>

<li style=”list-style-image:url(/images/bullet.gif);”>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

 

CSS list – style property

The list-style allows you to specify all the list properties into a single expansion. These properties can appear in any order.

Here is the example.

<ul style=”list-style:inside square;”>

<li> Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ul>

<ol style = “list-style: outside upper-alpha;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

 

The marker-offset Property

The marker-offset property allows you to specify the distance between the markers and the text relating to that marker. Its value should be a length as shown in the following example:

Unfortunately, however, this property is not supported in IE 6 or Netscape 7.

Here is the example

<ul style=”list-style: inside square; marker – offset:2em;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social Science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ul>

<ol style=”list-style: outside upper-alpha; marker-offset:2cm;”>

<li>Maths</li>

<li>Social science</li>

<li>Physics</li>

</ol>

The CSS box Model

All HTML elements can be considered as boxes. In CSS, the term “box mode” is used when talking about design and layout.

The CSS box model is essentially a box that wraps around HTML elements, and it consists of : margins, borders, padding,and the actual content.

The box model allows us to place a boarder around elements and space elements in relation to other elements.

The image below illustrates the box mode;

 

Screenshot_28

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