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Struts Interview Questions and Answers

What is ValueStack and OGNL?

ValueStack is the capacity region where the application information is put away by Struts2 for handling the customer demands. The information is put away in ActionContext objects that utilization ThreadLocal to have esteems particular to the specific demand string.

Question Graph Navigation Language (OGNL) is an intense Expression Language that is utilized to control information put away on the ValueStack. As should be obvious in design chart, the two interceptors and result pages can get to information put away on ValueStack utilizing OGNL.

What is MVC Pattern?

MVC stands for Model, View and Controller. It is a software architectural pattern for implementing user interfaces.

Controller : Controls the flow. Sends commands to the model to update the model’s state. Sends commands to view to change the view’s presentation of the model.

Model : Represents the state of the application. Sometimes – notifies associated views and controllers when there is a change in its state.

View : Visual representation of the model for the user.

How to upload file in struts 2?

To upload file in struts, @InterceptorRef annotation is used in which we can define allowedTypes and maximumSize etc as below.

@InterceptorRef( params={“allowedTypes”,“image/jpeg,application/zip”, “maximumSize”,“1000000”}, value=“fileUpload” )

In Struts, How Can We Access Java Beans And Their Properties?

Bean Tag Library is a Struts library which can be used for accessing Java beans.

What’s The Use Of Struts.xml Configuration File?

Struts.xml file is one the key configuration files of Struts framework which is used to define mapping between URL and action. When a user’s request is received by the controller, controller uses mapping information from this file to select appropriate action class.

What Are The Benefits Of Struts Framework?

Swaggers depends on MVC and subsequently there is a decent division of various layers in Struts which makes Struts applications improvement and customization simple. Utilization of various setup records makes Struts applications effectively configurable. Likewise, Struts is open source and thus, financially savvy.

What’s the part of a handler in MVC based applications?

It’s the activity of handlers to exchange the solicitations to proper models as they are bound to the model layer of MVC engineering. Handlers utilize mapping data from design records for ask for exchange.

What is Struts?

The core of the Struts framework is a flexible control layer based on standard technologies like Java Servlets, JavaBeans, ResourceBundles, and XML, as well as various Jakarta Commons packages. Struts encourages application architectures based on the Model 2 approach, a variation of the classic Model-View-Controller (MVC) design paradigm.

What is Struts Validator Framework?

Struts Framework gives the usefulness to approve the shape information. It can be use to approve the information on the clients program and also on the server side. Struts Framework radiates the java contents and it can be utilized approve the shape information on the customer program. Server side approval of shape can be proficient by sub classing your From Bean with DynaValidatorForm class.

Can we have multiple struts config files ?

Yes we can have multiple struts config files. We need to add the names of those config files in web.xml.

What is controller in Struts ?

Its the servlet in particular ActionServlet.

What is MVC ?

Model-View-Controller is a design pattern wherein Model holds the business logic , Controller controls the flow and View takes care of the presentation part of web application.

What validate() and reset() method does ?

Validate and reset methods are defined in Form Beans. Validation method is used to validate the request parameters where reset method clear Action Form Data members.

What is controller in Struts ?

Its the servlet in particular ActionServlet.

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