SAP Solution Manager Interview Questions

Where do i find information on Solution manager ?

Solution manager is  one more server apart from R/3 System

What is solution manager?

It’s a server – In the networking(Architect) language It like a middle ware or In Between all the SAP system or central unit in the SAP Landscape Architecture.

Does Solution manager come, If you install ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 ?

ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 and My Sap are the software bundles and Solution manager is a part of the Software Bundle

Yes you need to install it separately apart from R/3 or ECC5.0 or ECC6.0 please – then you would understand or utility of the actual advantage of solution Manager please.

What is the difference between ECC6.0 and ECC5.0 ?

They are different bundles of Software ( two different versions please )

ECC 6 is more advanced or latest – for latest configuration please check the SAP web site.

What authorisations are needed to work with SDCCN?

The following authorisations exist:

        Profile (in Basis rel 40*-46D)

               –  S_SDCC_READN    Read authorization

               –  S_SDCC_SERVN    Collect and send data

               –  S_SDCC_ADM_N    Admin authorization

        Roles (as of Basis Release 6.10)

               –  SAP_SDCCN_DIS  Read authorization

               –  SAP_SDCCN_EXE  Collect and send data

               –  SAP_SDCCN_ALL  Admin authorization

When assigning the roles for the first time please ensure that they contain the corresponding profile.

How to activate SDCCN ?

 If you have used the old transaction SDCC this must be deactivated prior to the activation of SDCCN.

To do this please delete any future background jobs connected with SDCC:

   AUTO_SESSION_MANAGER, SESS* , SASM*

Then you can. locally activate SDCCN via ‘Utilites -> Activate’.SDCCN in a satellite system can also be activated from a connected SAP Solution Manager system.

What is the minimum set up needed for SDCCN?

To ensure that SDCCN can continuously monitor your systems for sessions created in connected SAP Solution Manager systems as well as sessions ordered from SAP a number of prerequisites must be met.

SDCCN must be activated as described in the documentation.

After a successful activation the customizing in Goto -> Settings -> Task specific settings is filled with the SAP proposed default values.

In Goto -> Settings -> Task Processor you should see that the Task Processor job is ‘active’.

Two tasks should have been created:

Service Preparation Check: This is an interactive Task which you can start by clicking on it. This leads you to RTCCTOOL, which gives you an overview of tools and notes needed for the correct preparation of any service session. More information about RTCCTOOL is in note 69455. Note 91488 documents the various preparations for a service session. The Service Preparation Check is a periodic task, i.e when the original task has been executed, the next task of the same type is scheduled as per the customizing in the ‘Task specific settings’.

Maintenance package: The maintenance package is a periodic task, which should run every day. It consists of 3 ‘housekeeping’ tasks, which each get executed when necessary. The frequency of the individual tasks is based on the customizing in the ‘Task specific settings’.

Session refresh: The session refresh which is triggered by a maintenance task checks all destinations known in the list of RFC destinations

(Goto -> Settings -> Task specific settings -> RFC destinations)

Service definition refresh: The service definition refresh is also based on the above list of destinations. It uses either the destination for which the ‘Master’ flag has been set, or if this flag has not been set, SDCC_OSS.

Delete data: This task is executed as per the customizing in the task specific setting.

When the Task Processor is active, and Service Preparation Task and Maintenance Task have been created successfully, no further tasks are needed. For control purposes individual tasks can be created, but these should generally created with mode ‘runs once’.

The old transaction SDCC should now be locked.

SDCCN is activated, but SDCC can still be called. How can SDCC be locked?

Most likely you have activated SDCCN when the system was on basis release 4.x, and then upgraded to basis release 6.x This has to do with the change of the namespace for the old SDCC , from /BDL/* on basis release 4.x to BDL*. When SDCCN was activated on 4.x SDCC was locked via table /BDL/CUST.  In 6.x the relevant table is called BDLCUST and does not yet have the lock entry.

   It must be created manually, with report BDLSETUP:

   KEY    = LOCKED

   VALUE  = X

   Delete = unchecked

When trying to create a task in SDCCN an error message appears: ‘ No action possible ‘. Why can the task not be created?

SDCCN has not yet been initialised correctly, and so the customizing for the tasks has not been filled yet.

   SDCCN can be initialised locally by following these steps:

   Ensure that the task processor job is deactivated, via

   SDCCN -> Goto -> Settings -> Task processor

   Then initialise the tool via SDCCN ->Utilities -> Activate.

   If the initialisation was successful you should get the following messages:

   Local initialisation of new Service Data Control Center

   Activation successful

   Destination to SAP created

   AUTO_SESSION_MANAGER descheduled

   Settings filled

   Service Data Control Manager tasks created

   Task processor scheduled

   Jobname                        /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR

A task in SDCCN appears ‘active’ in the ‘To do’ tab, but the corresponding background job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR* has been cancelled.The apparently ‘active’ task cannot be cancelled.

At the moment only a workaround can be offered:

   Highlight the task -> right click -> select ‘Start now’.

   The icon should change to ‘match stick’ while the task searches for a free background job. Now you must immediately delete the task (if you wait, the task will actually be re-started).

Testing a destination to SAP in SM59 returns  error message ” service ‘sapdp99’ unknown ” or ” error opening an RFC connection “. How can this be fixed?

The services file may not be maintained correctly. There are several options:

-Add the entry sapdp99    3299/tcp  in the ‘services’ file of the customer system. This is usually:

       UNIX: /etc/service , NT: <windir>system32driversetcservices. ( 3299 is the port number and tcp is the protocol)

       This method should be preferred to option.

-Alternatively you can change from ‘sapdp99’ to ‘3299’ directly in the destination.

       If this information is not sufficient to fix the problem please open a message in component XX-SER-NET.

In the log for the task ‘Service Preparation Check’ I find errors about a failed attempt to connect to SAP. What should be done?

Destination SAPNET_RTCC is used by RTCCTOOL, which executes the ‘Service Preparation Check’.

SAPNET_RTCC gets created automatically when RTCCTOOL connect to OSS the first time.

After an update of SAPOSS via TA OSS1  SAPNET_RTCC does NOT get updated automatically. The easiest way to ensure it is updated correctly is to delete the destination and then to recreate it via:

SAPNET_RTCC: SE38 -> RTCCTOOL or executing a task ‘Service Preparation Check’

A task was not processed at the time it was scheduled for. Why?

How close to the scheduled time a task can be processed depends on the frequency of the ‘Task processor’. The Task processor can only process tasks in the past. If, for example,the Task processor is scheduled to run only once a day, at 21:14, all the tasks in the to do list , which are in the past, will be processed after 21:14. The sequence in which they are processed is determined by the time they are scheduled for;  the task scheduled for the earliest time is processed first.

Job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR is cancelled. In SM37 the job log has entries similar to this:

Job started

Step 001 started (program /BDL/TASK_SCHEDULER, variant &0000000000000, user ID <user name> )

Variant &0000000000000 does not exist

Job cancelled

How can this be resolved?

Deactivate and then reactivate /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR as follows:

Logon to the productive client.

SDCCN->GoTo->Settings->Task Processor->Change settings->Deactivate.

Enter Change Modus again -> Set Defaults->Activate.

What are the key features that are supported in SAP Solution Manager7.2?

New User Interfaces

New Release management

ITSM and Change Request Management

Adapt SAP HANA in your landscape

New Process Management

Enhanced Cloud Support

How can you open Work Center home screen in Solution Manager?

To run Work Center home screen, use T-Code: SOLMAN_WORKCENTER

Is it possible to assign multiple roles to one user in Solution Manager?

In SAP Solman, there can be one user with one or more roles assigned.

In SAP Solman, You can have a role with one or more Work Centers assigned.

What are the different Project types you can implement in SAP Solman?

Implementation Project

Template Project

Optimization Project

Upgrade Project

Maintenance Project

When do you use Project type as Implementation project?

This is required when you need a project to implement business processes in an SAP landscape.

You can select an existing structure based on business processes or you can also create a new project structure as per the following points −

One or more user or partner templates

Based on an existing project

An existing solution landscape

What is the purpose of using Template Project?

This is used to create a template that defines the project structure or some part of your project. Templates can also be used in other projects using transporting the template. It is also possible to lock templates against the changes- either completely or partially when they are used in other projects.

What are different components under SAP Solution Manager Infrastructure?

SAP Solution manager consists of various infrastructure components- application management solution, and complete IT landscape. The solution discovers – technical monitoring and alerting infrastructure, system landscape information, integration of Solution Manager with SAP IT Infrastructure.

What is Landscape Management Database in SAP Solution Manager?

In SAP Solution Management infrastructure, you can use Landscape Management Database (LMDB) which is central landscape information repository and it uses the same information as the System Landscape Directory SLD to enter the system information.

How to launch Guided Procedure environment in SAP Solution Manager?

Using Transaction code: GPA_ADMIN or from a work center.

What is the purpose of using Test Management in SAP solution Manager?

In SAP Solution Manager, you can perform the test management process centrally and execute tests for cross system business processes.

What is the purpose of using IT Task Management?

This allows you to plan IT tasks and visualize plan task in task inbox for processes. You can execute these tasks from task inbox.

What is the use of IT Task Planning User?

This user is required to perform single or periodic operation activities and to check the status of all the activities using GP log book.

What are the roles assigned to IT Task Planning user?

Required roles under IT Task Planning −

SAP_SM_GP_DIS

SAP_TASK_INBOX_DIS

SAP_TASK_PLANNING_ALL

SAP_SMWORK_BASIC_TECHADMIN

SAP_SM_BP_DISPLAY

SAP_SM_IT_EVENTS_DISP

SAP_SYSTEM_REPOSITORY_DIS

SAP_TASK_INBOX_ALL

SAP_ITCALENDER_DIS

How can one disable the “Import All” button on STMS for the queues?

Login to your Transport Domain Controller. Run STMS->Overview->System.

Choose the System you want to disable import all. Go to Transport Tool tab.

Add/Create Parameter “NO_IMPORT_ALL” set its value to 1.

What are the different types of work processes in R/3?

Dialog (D), Update (U), Enqueue (E), Background(B), and Spool(S).

Why can web help be considered easier to install than CHM, the standard delivered SAP help?

Web help is easier than trying to get every remote user connected to a network share. If you don’t want to use SAP’s help site, you can setup your own website to do it. The best route depends on your business’ network structure.

If you can’t find the answer to a question, what are Some website you can visit to find the answer?

OSS notes: http://service.sap.com/notes

SAP help: http://help.sap.com

Google: http://www.google.com

We want to install another new instance on same development box. Is this possible? What are some of the important considerations?

Yes, it is possible to have more than one instance on a single box. The key is

to use a different SID and a different system number

It is also important to note that for a 64 bit

SAP kernel, SAP recommends a 20 GB swap space for 1st instance and 10 GB per each Additional instance.

What is the purpose of table USR02?

This table stores User IDs and passwords.

How do you create a password exception list?

Place the answers in table USR40

What is the purpose of table TADIR?

Table TADIR contains object directory entries

 What is the purpose of table TDEVC?

Table TDEVC contains development classes and packages.

What is the transaction codes associated with changing requests, request headers, or request object lists?

The following tables hold information about change requests.

E070 Change request headers

E071 Change request object lists

How can you find a list of objects that have been repaired in the system?

ADIRACCESS List of repaired objects and their access keys

How do you Disable Multiple Logins in the same Client?

To disable multiple user logins within the same client implement this parameter in the instance profile:

login/disable_multi_gui_login = 1

If you do not use this parameter in your system, users have the ability to ignore the warning window at the time they try to login to the same client.

Activating this parameter in your system will make you look good if you get audited!

How about exceptional logins?

In case you’re wondering how to allow multiple logins for certain key users you can implement parameter

login/multi_login_users.

You can list the user IDs that should be ignored if the parameter above is active in your system.

How can you View Locked Transactions?

As you know, you can lock/unlock transaction codes via SM01. But, how do you go about viewing the transactions that are locked in the system? You need to look in field CINFO, table TSTC.

Within SAP, you can use either SE11 or SE16 to browse the table contents. Make sure you enter “A0″ as the “HEX01 data element for SYST” starting value and “A9″ as the ending value.

This will list all the transactions locked in the system.

Note: The CINFO field description is “HEX01 data element for SYST”.

What is the difference between TP and R3TRANS?

TP controls the process and calls several tools, like r3trans but also e.g. DDIC-Activation.

Is it possible to install ECC 5.0 as a test system and not production, without installing solution manager?

During the installation you will be asked for a key, which can only be generated by the solution manager.

Is there a way to perform SAPGUI 640 roll out using a centralized server?

Look for SAP ADMIN and SAPSETUP on the installation CD. Then, use a utility such as Microsoft’s SMS to distribute this program or use a login script to call the SAPSETUP program.

If SAP console telnet screen size is too big how do you make it smaller?

Go to the control panel, and then to the SAP console administrator and general tab.

Is there a way to find out what was entered in a particular transaction code screen?

No, but you can analyse tables associated with the transaction code and see if there is a username field that traces what this user has done.

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