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Oracle Apps Functional Interview Questions

Which is the most commonly used package in apps that uses Autonomous Transaction?

FND_LOG, this is used for debugging. This has a procedure named string, which does a commit. Hence your debug messages are not lost in the event of rollback during unhandled exception.

What is one of the limitations of Forms Personalization?

You cannot display interactive messages as you can be using fnd_message

How to use Flexfields in reports?

Most common way is to use FND user exits provided by oracle applications.

Other way is to directly use the DB views (TableName  || ‘_KFV’ or ’_DFV’) created by apps, and use the concatenated_segments column which holds the concatenated segments of the key or descriptive flexfields.

What is a value set?

A value set defines the boundaries for the attributes that you assign to a key or descriptive flexfield segment. Value sets control what types of values can be used as Accounting Flexfield segment values. Value sets determine the attributes of your segments such as length, zero-fill, and right justify, alphanumeric, and value security. Value sets also control how validation is performed.

What are Autonomous transactions? Give a scenario where you have used Autonomous transaction in your reports?

An autonomous transaction is an independent transaction started by another transaction, the main transaction. Autonomous transactions let you suspend the main transaction, do SQL operations, commit or roll back those operations, then resume the main transaction.

Once started, an autonomous transaction is fully independent. It shares no locks, resources, or commit-dependencies with the main transaction. So, you can log events, increment retry counters, and so on, even if the main transaction rolls back.

More important, autonomous transactions help you build modular, reusable software components. For example, stored procedures can start and finish autonomous transactions on their own. A calling application need not know about a procedure’s autonomous operations, and the procedure need not know about the application’s transaction context. That makes autonomous transactions less error-prone than regular transactions and easier to use.

Furthermore, autonomous transactions have all the functionality of regular transactions. They allow parallel queries, distributed processing, and all the transaction control statements including SET TRANSACTION.

What is record group?

Record group are used with LOVs to hold sql query for your list of values. The record group can contain static data as well it can access data from database tables thru sql queries.

What is a FlexField? What are Descriptive and Key Flexfields ?

An Oracle Applications field made up of segments. Each segment has an assigned name and a set of valid values. Oracle Applications uses flexfields to capture information about your organization.

What are different report triggers and what is their firing sequence?

There are five report trigger:

Before Report

After Report

Before Parameter Form

After Parameter Form

Between Pages

The Firing sequence for report triggers is

        Before Parameter Form – After Parameter Form – Before Report – Between Pages – After Report.

What is the use of cursors in PL/SQL? What is REF Cursor?

The cursor is used to handle multiple row query in PL/SQL. Oracle uses implicit cursors to handle all its queries. Oracle uses unnamed memory spaces to store data used in implicit cursors, with REF cursors you can define a cursor variable which will point to that memory space and can be used like pointers in our 3GLs.

How to attach reports in Oracle Applications?

The steps are as follows:

Design your report in D2K

Generate the executable file of the report as .rdf.

Move the executable as well as source file to the appropriate product’s folder.

Register the report as concurrent executable.

Define the concurrent program for the executable registered.

Add the concurrent program to the request group of the responsibility.

What is the use of triggers in Forms?

Triggers are used in forms for event handling. You can write PL/SQL code in triggers to respond to a event occurred in your forms like when user presses a button or when he commits the form.

The different type of triggers available in forms are:

Key-triggers

Navigational-triggers

Transaction-triggers

Message-triggers

Error-triggers

Query based-triggers

What is the use of Temp tables in Interface programs?

Temporary tables are used in Interface programs to hold the intermediate data. The data is loaded into temporary tables first and then, after validating through the PL/SQL programs, the data is loaded into the interface tables.

What are the steps to register concurrent programs in Apps?

The steps to register concurrent programs in apps are as follows:

Register the program as concurrent executable.

Define the concurrent program for the executable registered.

Add the concurrent program to the request group of the responsibility

How to pass parameters to a report? do you have to register them with AOL?

You can define parameters in the define concurrent program form. There is no need to register the parameters with AOL. But you may have to register the value sets for those parameters.

Do you have to register feeder programs of interface to AOL?

Yes! you must register the feeder programs as concurrent programs to Apps.

What are forms customization steps?

The steps are as follows:

Copy the template.fmb and Appstand.fmb from AU_TOP/forms/us.Put it in custom directory. The libraries (FNDSQF, APPCORE, APPDAYPK, GLOBE, CUSTOM, JE, JA, JL, VERT) are automatically attached.

CREATE OR OPEN NEW FORMS. THEN CUSTOMIZE.

Save this Form in Corresponding Modules.

What is FlexField?

Oracle Application uses Flexfield to capture information aboutcYour organization. Flexfield have flexible structure for storing key information.

Like Company, Cost Center, and Account. They also give u highly adaptable Structure for storing customized information in oracle Applications.

What is MRC and what are its use?

The Multi Reporting Currency Feature allows you to report and maintain records at the transaction level in more than one functional currency. You can do by defining one or more set of books in addition to primary set of books.

What are ad-hoc reports?

Ad-hoc Report is made to meet one-time reporting needs. Concerned with or formed for a purpose. For example, ad hoc tax codes or an ad hoc database query

What is FSG and what is it’s use?

FSG is a powerful and flexible tool you can use to build your own custom reports without programming. FSG is only available with GL.

What is a key flexfield qualifier?

A qualifier is a label attached to a key flexfield segment so it can be located by the application requiring its information. A key flexfield qualifier can be of 2 types:

Flexfield qualifiers identify a segment in a flexfield.

Segment qualifiers identify a value set in a segment.

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